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Depressed mood and major depressive episodes: Differential responsiveness to psychosocial experiences

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In a sample of 64 remitted and discharged depressed in-patients the structure and quality of their social environment was examined in relation to the subsequent development of depressive symptoms. It is shown that mood-related symptoms were influenced by psychosocial factors, whereas vegetative and non-specific symptoms were not. Since the latter are rather more heavily weighted in the DSM-III criteria for Major Depressive Episode than in typical symptom sum scores, psychosocial variables did not predict DSM-III-defined clinical relapses. Possible implications for conceptualizing depressive disorders are discussed.

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This paper is based on research supported by grant no. Ve 97/2 from the German Research Association (DFG)

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Veiel, H.O.F. Depressed mood and major depressive episodes: Differential responsiveness to psychosocial experiences. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Nuerosci 240, 62–65 (1990). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02190096

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Key words

  • Depression
  • Social network
  • Social support
  • Relapse