Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Zinc and iron interaction in submerged paddy

  • 103 Accesses

  • 10 Citations

Summary

To study the interaction effect of Zn and Fe in paddy, a greenhouse experiment was conducted at H. P. Agricultural University, Palampur (India). Zinc was applied as ZnSO4·7H2O at the rate of 0, 5, 10 and 20 ppm, and Fe as FeSO4·3H2O at the rate of 0,25 and 50 ppm. Only 5 ppm of added Zn increased the grain and straw yields when Fe was not applied, but when Fe was applied, even 10 ppm of added Zn responded significantly. The grain and straw yields were higher in the presence of CaCO3 than in its absence.

The concentration of zinc increased with the application of Zn and decreased with the application of Fe. The rice straw contained the highest concentration of Zn (20.1 ppm), whereas rice grain contained the lowest (14.3 ppm). The Fe concentration in rice plants increased with increasing levels of applied Zn. The highest concentration (343 ppm) of Fe was recorded in rice straw and lowest in rice grains (165 ppm). The concentrations of Zn and Fe were lower in the presence of CaCO3 than in its absence.

The respective absorption of Zn and Fe were 8 and 7 percent up to tillering stage, 56 and 59 percent between tillering and flowering stages, and 36 and 34 percent between flowering and maturity. At maturity, about 70 and 78 percent of the Zn and Fe taken up were retained by rice straw and 30 and 22 percent by rice grains, respectively. When more Zn was applied, less Zn was translocated to grains; when more Fe was applied, more Zn was translocated to grains. The effects of Fe and Zn on Fe distribution at maturity were opposite to that of Zn distribution.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1

    Aggarwala, S C, Mehrotra N K, Sharma C P, Ahmed S, and Sharma V K 1970 Widespread occurrence of zinc deficiency in eastern region of Uttar Pradesh. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci. 18, 415–427.

  2. 2

    Brar M S, Sekhon G S 1976 Interaction of zinc with other micronutrient cations. II. Effect of iron on65Zn absorption by rice seedlings and its translocation within plants. Plant and Soil 45, 145–150.

  3. 3

    Chaudhry F M and Loneragan J F 1972 Zinc absorption by wheat seedlings. II. Inhibition by hydrogen ions of micronutrient cations. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc. 36, 327–331.

  4. 4

    Dev D L and Zeliang C R 1975 Zinc-iron relationship in soil as measured by crop response. Soil Plant Anal. Tech. 12, 130–176.

  5. 5

    Gangwar M S and Mann J S 1972 Zinc nutrition of rice in relation to iron and manganese uptake under different water regimes. Indian J. Agr. Sci. 32, 1032–1035.

  6. 6

    Giordano P M and Mortvedt J J 1972 Rice response to zinc in flooded and non-flooded soil. Agron. J. 64, 521–524.

  7. 7

    Giordano P M, Naggle J C and Mortvedt J J 1974 Zinc uptake by rice as affected by metabolic inhibitors and competing cations. Plant and Soil 41, 637–646.

  8. 8

    Gilmour J T 1977 Micronutrient status of the rice plant. II. Micronutrient uptake rate as a function of time. Plant and Soil 46, 559–564.

  9. 9

    Ishizuka Y and Ando T 1968 Interaction between manganese and zinc in growth of rice plants. Soil Sci. Pl. Nutr. 14, 201–206.

  10. 10

    Jurinak J J and Baver N 1956 Thermodynamics of zinc adsorption on calcite, dolomite, mangnesite type minerals. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc. 20, 466–471.

  11. 11

    Lee C R, Craddock G R and Hammer H E 1969 Factors affecting plant growth in high zinc medium. I. Influence of iron on growth of flax at various zinc levels. Agron J. 61, 562–565.

  12. 12

    Misra S G and Panda P 1976 Behavior of native iron in water-lagged soils of eastern Uttar Pradesh. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci. 24, 297–302.

  13. 13

    Mortvedt J J and Giordano P M 1967 Zinc movement in soils from fertilizer granules. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc. 31, 608–611.

  14. 14

    Rathore V S, Kandala J C and Sharma D 1974 Zinc-iron interactions in maize plants.In Symposium on use of radiation and radioisotope in studies of plant productivity held at Pantanagar, India, 82 p.

  15. 15

    Rashid A, Chaudhry F M and Sharif M 1976 Micronutrient availability to cereals from calcareous soils. III. Zinc absorption by rice and its inhibition by important ions of submerged soils. Plant and Soil 45, 613–623.

  16. 16

    Shukla V C and Morris H D 1967 Relative efficiency of several zinc sources for corn (Zea maize). Agron J. 59, 200–202.

  17. 17

    Singh M and Singh S P 1980 Zinc and phosphorus interaction in submerged paddy. Soil Sci. 129, 282–289.

  18. 18

    Stanten D A and Berger R D 1979 Agrochemophysica 2, 33.

  19. 19

    Verma T S and Tripathi B R 1981 Bronzing diseases of rice, its causes and remedial measures in Alfisols of Himachal Pradesh. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci. (submitted).

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Verma, T.S., Tripathi, B.R. Zinc and iron interaction in submerged paddy. Plant Soil 72, 107–116 (1983). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02185100

Download citation

Key words

  • Absorption
  • Concentration
  • CaCO3-free
  • CaCO3-treated
  • Distribution
  • Submerged paddy