TheRhizobium tropici strain CFN 299 was maintained on PY medium and was grown in minimal medium (MM) with sucrose, glucose, fructose and glutamate (or their combination) as carbon sources. Bacteria were able to simultaneously use different carbon sources and, with a combination sucrose and glutamate, the growth rate was faster than with either carbon source alone. Sucrose transport was induced by sucrose and partially repressed by glucose and glutamate if they were included in MM as additional carbon sources. The transport of sucrose was active because both an uncoupler (dinitrophenol, DNP) and inhibitors of terminal oxidation (KCN, NaN3) severely reduced sucrose uptake. Sucrose transport was also sensitive to a functional sulfhydryl reagent but was much less sensitive to EDTA and arsenate. We obtained nonlinear Lineweaver-Burk plots for the uptake of sucrose (by sucrose-grown bacteria), and this implied the existence of at least two uptake mechanisms. Invertase (EC 184.108.40.206) is the main enzyme for sucrose hydrolysis in this organism. This enzyme was induced by sucrose and had high activity in mid-log phase cells when sucrose was the sole carbon source (0.2%). Invertase activity was not detected in growth medium. In general, the results obtained support the idea, thatR. tropici is adapted to sucrose utilization and to multicarbon nutrition during its interaction with plants.
Key wordscatabolite repression Rhizobium sucrose transport
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