Plant and Soil

, Volume 77, Issue 2–3, pp 253–261 | Cite as

Nitrogenase activity (acetylene reduction) associated with leaves of different cultivars of paddy (Oryza sativa L.)

  • M. G. Murty


An investigation was conducted to study the levels of nitrogen fixation on the leaf or sheath surfaces of four cultivars of paddy plants by using acetylene reduction technique. Varying levels of positive nitrogenase activity were observed on all the leaf surfaces. Sheath of IET 1991 cultivar showed a higher rate of fixation than the leaf surface. All the nitrogen-fixing organisms on the leaf or sheath surfaces belonged to the genus Beijerinckia. There was no correlation between the bacterial density and the level of fixation. Scanning electron microscopic data revealed that the upper surface of IET 1991 leaf was highly silicified and the microflora was either scanty or nil while the lower surface appeared quite different and harboured more micro-organisms. Similarly, the inner surface of sheath was devoid of silicification and showed the presence of micro-organisms.

Key words

Acetylene reduction Beijerinckia Nitrogen fixation Paddy Phyllosphere Silicification 


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Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff/Dr W. Junk Publishers 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. G. Murty
    • 1
  1. 1.Microbiology and Cell Biology LaboratoryIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia

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