Culture of two nitrogen-fixing bacteria (REN2 and JN1) isolated from rice and jute phyllospheres respectively, were sprayed on wheat plants as substitute for nitrogenous fertilisers. There was a marked improvement in yield and growth of the plants. An average increase in yield by 70% was obtained which was very near to that obtained by fertilizer treatment.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Balasundaram, V. R., Sen, A. N. and Sen, A. 1966 A note on the phyllosphere bacteria of sugarcane. All India Symposium on Sugarcane Development. Indian Sugar Mills Association, Calcutta 101–106.
Banerjee, M. and Chandra, A. K. 1978 Auxin production potentiality of nitrogen fixers isolated from the phyllosphere of crop plants. Curr. Sci.47, 962–963.
Bessems, E. P. M. 1973 Nitrogen Fixation in the Phyllosphere of Gramineae. Agric. Res. Rep.786.
Bhurat, M. C. and Sen, A. 1968 Nitrogen-fixing bacteria on the phyllosphere of wheat and pea. Indian J. Agric. Sci.38, 319–325.
Chandra, A. K., Pati, B. R. and Gupta, S. K. 1979 Antifungal activities of the phyllosphere organisms. Curr. Sci.48, 522–525.
Fletcher, G. M. and Dale, J. E. 1974 Growth of tiller buds in barley; Effects of shade treatment and mineral nutrition. Ann. Bot.38, 63–76.
Patil, V. D. 1978 Studies on phyllosphere microorganisms of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes Mort. Solms.) Ph.D. Thesis (unpublished). IARI, New Delhi.
Panse, V. G. and Sukhatma, P. V. 1967 Statistical Methods for Agricultural Workers. ICAR, New Delhi.
Rovira, A. D. 1963 Microbial inoculation of plants. I. Establishment of free living nitrogenfixing organisms in the rhizosphere. Plant and Soil19, 304–314.
Ruinen, J. 1956 Occurrence ofBeijerinckia species in the phyllosphere. Nature London177, 220–221.
Ruinen, J. 1965 Nitrogen fixation in the phyllosphere. Plant and Soil22, 375–394.
Sen, A. 1975 Possibilities at utilization of an organism from the phyllosphere ofEichhornia crassipes for improvement of yields of wheat and paddy. Indian J. Gen. Plant Breed.35, 315.
Sengupta, B., Sen, M. and Sen, S. P. 1978 Biological nitrogen fixation and nitrogen nutrition of crop plants.In Nitrogen Assimilation and Crop Productivity Eds. S. P. Sen, Y. P. Abrol and S. K. Sinha. Associated Pub. Co., New Delhi, India.
Vasantharajan, V. N. and Bhat, J. V. 1968 Interrelations of microorganisms and mulberry. II Phyllosphere microflora and nitrogen fixation in leaf and root surfaces. Plant and Soil28, 258–267.
About this article
Cite this article
Pati, B.R., Chandra, A.K. Effect of spraying nitrogen-fixing phyllospheric bacterial isolates on wheat plants. Plant Soil 61, 419–427 (1981). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02182022
- Bacterial spray
- Nitrogen fertiliser
- Wheat yield