Plant and Soil

, Volume 113, Issue 1, pp 3–11 | Cite as

Effect of deicing chloride salts on ion accumulation in spruce (Picea abies (L.) sp.)

  • J. Bogemans
  • L. Neirinckx
  • J. M. Stassart


Among the inorganic chloride salts, NaCl, CaCl2 and in a minor proportion KCl and MgCl2 are used as deicing agents. Mixturs of these salts were merely applied with respect to their physico-chemical properties, but their effect on roadside vegetation has never been studied so far. From a screening of different salt mixtures on ion accumulation in needles and twigs of spruce tress (Picea abies sp.) it was shown that the presence of a small amount of calcium in the salt treatments had some beneficial effects on ion regulation. In the presence of calcium, sodium accumulation could be reduced. But more straightforward was its effect on the selectivity between sodium and potasium in favour of the latter. Chloride concentrations did not alter very much; their role in the presence of monovalent cations is nevertheless obvious and is discussed. The study also confirms the presence of potassium retranslocation in conifer trees. The ion characteristics are briefly discussed with respect to the ecological effects of chloride salts on tress.

Key words

calcium chlorine ion selectivity injury Picea potassium retranslocation sodium uptake 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Bogemans
    • 1
  • L. Neirinckx
    • 1
  • J. M. Stassart
    • 1
  1. 1.Dienst PlantenfysiologieVrije Universiteit BrusselSt. Genesius-RodeBelgium

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