We consider a discrete ribbon model for double-stranded polymers where the ribbon is constrained to lie in a three-dimensional lattice. The ribbon can be open or closed, and closed ribbons can be orientable or nonorientable. We prove some results about the asymptotic behavior of the numbers of ribbons withn plaquettes, and a theorem about the frequency of occurrence of certain patterns in these ribbons. We use this to derive results about the frequency of knots in closed ribbons, the linking of the boundary curves of orientable closed ribbons, and the twist and writhe of ribbons. We show that the centerline and boundary of a closed ribbon are both almost surely knotted in the infinite-n limit. For an orientable ribbon, the expectation of the absolute value of the linking number of the two boundary curves increases at least as fast as √n, and similar results hold for the twist and writhe.
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Janse van Rensburg, E.J., Orlandini, E., Sumners, D.W. et al. Entanglement complexity of lattice ribbons. J Stat Phys 85, 103–130 (1996). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02175557
- topological entanglement
- satellite knot
- double-stranded polymer