Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 22, Issue 2, pp 129–146 | Cite as

Family-expressed emotion, childhood-onset depression, and childhood-onset schizophrenia spectrum disorders: Is expressed emotion a nonspecific correlate of child psychopathology or a specific risk factor for depression?

  • Joan Rosenbaum Asarnow
  • Martha Tompson
  • Elizabeth Burney Hamilton
  • Michael J. Goldstein
  • Donald Guthrie
Article

Abstract

Expressed emotion (EE) was examined, using the brief Five Minute Speech Sample measure, in families of (1) children with depressive disorders, (2) children with schizophrenia spectrum disorders, and (3) normal controls screened for the absence of psychiatric disorder. Consistent with the hypothesis of some specificity in the association between EE and the form of child disorder, rates of EE were significantly higher among families of depressed children compared to families of normal controls and families of children with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Within the depressed group, the presence of a comorbid disruptive behavior disorder was associated with high levels of critical EE, underscoring the need to attend to comorbid patterns and subtypes of EE in future research.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joan Rosenbaum Asarnow
    • 1
  • Martha Tompson
    • 1
  • Elizabeth Burney Hamilton
    • 1
  • Michael J. Goldstein
    • 1
  • Donald Guthrie
    • 1
  1. 1.Neuropsychiatric InstituteUniversity of CaliforniaLos Angeles

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