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A literature survey of mineral-specific sorption data on radionuclides with relevance to the disposal of radioactive waste

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Abstract

A comparative review of mineral-specific radionuclide sorption databases created for performance assessment and reported in both the open literature and “grey literature” (e.g. technical reports) has in part shown poor quality of documentation describing the database selection procedures. Inadeguate information is available on the chemical species of the radionuclide under consideration and the laboratory conditions for determining Kd-values. Sorption data derived from literature are neither comparable nor generally applicable due to the wide range in the composition of the aqueous and the solid phases applied in migration experiments. Subsequently, standardized characterization and determination procedures are needed. To improve the reliability of a mathematical model for the prediction of radionuclide sorption on cementitious and ash-type binder materials, determination of mineral-specific sorption coefficients is indispensable.

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Delakowitz, B., Meinrath, G. & Spiegel, W. A literature survey of mineral-specific sorption data on radionuclides with relevance to the disposal of radioactive waste. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry Letters 213, 109–125 (1996). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02165243

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Keywords

  • Migration
  • Radionuclide
  • Laboratory Condition
  • Poor Quality
  • Selection Procedure