Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Behavior of some macroelements, trace elments and RE in the water-sediment system

  • 35 Accesses

  • 2 Citations


The aim of this work was to estimate the processes of sorption or desorption which take place when water of slightly higher temperature and elevated concentrations of some elements, compared to groundwater, comes into contact with aquifer sediments under aerobic conditions. The behavior of some macro-elements, trace elements and RE in the water/sediment systems, prepared as five different granulometric fractions of the sediment, was followed by INAA, AAS and titrimetric methods, under simulated natural conditions. It was found that, for the majority of elements, desorption takes place. Opposite to this, Mg and Zn are sorbed from water on all sediment granulometric fractions. The concentration of Ca as a major cation is lingering about its initial value. Na, K, Ba, Sr, Fe, Hg, Au, Sc, Sb, U, La and Ce are desorbed from all sediment fractions. The desorption from finer sediment phase was less pronounced for Fe, Hg, Au, Sc, Sb and Ce. Sorption of some elements (like Co, Cr and Zr) on smallest sediment fraction (<90 m) appears. Sorption-desorption processes, as well as water pH changes, are time dependent, continuing for some weeks, especially in the coarse sediment system. The extents of sorption and desorption for most of the determined elements indicate that the specific surface area is not a key parameter

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1.

    A. Davis, R. L. Olsen, D. R. Walker,Appl. Geochem., 6 (1991) 333.

  2. 2.

    M. I. Sheppard, D. H. Thibault,Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 56 (1992) 415.

  3. 3.

    S. Pirc, J. M. McNeal, T. Lenarčič, E. Prohić, R. Svrkota,Trans. IMM, Section B, Applied Earth Science, 100 (1991) B74-B87.

  4. 4.

    M. B. H. Albedri, S. Aljobori,J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., Articles, 147 (1991) 235.

  5. 5.

    B. Golchert, S. Landsberger, P. K. Hopke,J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., Articles, 148 (1991) 319.

  6. 6.

    Y. Tanizaki, Neutron Activation Analysis of Water Samples, In: Z. B. Alfassi (Ed): Activation Analysis, Vol II, CRC Press, Inc., Florida (1990), 377–405, Chapter 9.

  7. 7.

    M. Branica, J. Bišćan (coord.), Research of NPP Krsko Impact on radioactive pollution of ground-water and river Sava water, Report Center for Marine Research, Institute “Rudjer Bošković”, Zagreb, Croatia, 1983.

  8. 8.

    P. Holopainen, V. Pirhonen et al., Crushed aggregatebentonite mixture as backfill material for the Finnish repositories of low and intermediate level radioactive waste, Report YJT-84-07, 1984.

  9. 9.

    V. Samanidou, K. Fytianos,Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 52 (1990) 217.

  10. 10.

    K. Hakansson, S. Karlsson, B. Allard,Sci. Tot. Environ., 87/88 (1989) 43.

  11. 11.

    F. L. Domergue, J. C. Vedy,Int. J. Environ. Anal. Chem., 46 (1992) 13.

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Vertačnik, A., Bišćan, J. Behavior of some macroelements, trace elments and RE in the water-sediment system. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry Letters 175, 401–413 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02164043

Download citation


  • Sorb
  • Aerobic Condition
  • INAA
  • Finer Sediment
  • Major Cation