Advertisement

The Visual Computer

, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp 227–242 | Cite as

The electronic sketch book of Tibetan Thangka painting

  • Ranjit Makkuni
Article

Abstract

The electronic sketch book of Thangka painting project is conceived as a way of using interactive video and computing technology to preserve and disseminate the craft of Tibetan Thangka painting — a 2000-year-old art form now threatened with deterioration. This paper first provides a description of the project and then examines the research questions about the relationship of electronic technology and design craft. Second, it illustrates the preliminary work towards the construction of a prototype electronic Thangka sketch book. The sketch book enables novice students of Thangka Painting to explore Thangka-related topics. Its multimedia database includes video records of finished Thangka paintings, compositional techniques, sample sketches, catalogues of painting elements, curatorial analyses, and scences of Tibetan cultural life. The sketch book's interface permits novice students to explore the database at their own pace, through direct interaction with diagrams and images of Thangka paintings.

Key words

Tibetan Thangka painting Visual language Hyper media Representation of design process Craft preservation Craft dissemination User interface 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bhattacharyya B (1968) The Indian Buddhist iconography. K.L. Mukhopadhyay, CalcuttaGoogle Scholar
  2. Coomaraswamy AK (1964) The crafts of India & Ceylon. Farrar, Strauss und Company, New York, pp 5–43Google Scholar
  3. Coomaraswamy AK (1972) The elements of Buddhist iconography. Munshiram Manoharlal, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  4. Coomaraswamy AK (1977) Traditional art and symbolism. Lispey R (ed) Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. Gega Lama (1981) Principles of Tibetan art. Karma Sonam Gyamtso Ling, BelgiumGoogle Scholar
  6. Goldberg A, Robson D (1983) Smalltalk-80: the language and its implementation. Addison-Wesley Company, Reading, MassachusettsGoogle Scholar
  7. Goswamy BN, Dahman-Dallapicola AL (1976) An early document of Indian art. Manohar, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  8. Gerasimova KM (1978) Compositional structure in Tibetan iconography. The Tibet Journal 3:39–51Google Scholar
  9. Harrison S (1986) Design and media spaces. Video, Xerox PARCGoogle Scholar
  10. Hutchington AG (1984) Dance notation: the process of recording movement on paper. Dance Horizons, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  11. Jackson D, Jackson J (1988) Tibetan Thangka painting: methods and materials. Snow Lion, IthacaGoogle Scholar
  12. Landsdown J (1977) Computer cheoreography and video. In: Lusignan S, North J (eds) Proc Third Int Conf Computing in the Humanities, Univ Waterloo Press, Waterloo, pp 244–252Google Scholar
  13. Larkin JH, Simon HA (1987) Why a diagram is (sometimes) worth ten thousand words. Cognitive Science 11(1):65–99Google Scholar
  14. Makkuni R (1987) Gestural representation of the process of composing Chinese temples. IEEE Comput Graph Appl 6(12):45–61Google Scholar
  15. Marr D, Nishhara HK (1978) Representation and recognition of spatial organization of 3D shapes. Proc R Soc Lond Ser B 200:269–294Google Scholar
  16. Morrell K, Trigg R (1978) From books to work stations: problems in developing computer-based curriculum in the humanities. Proc Int Conf Databases in the Humanities and Social Sciences, Montgomery, Alabama (July 1987), in printGoogle Scholar
  17. Mumford L (1934) Technics and civilisation. Harcourt, Brace & World, New York, pp 409–410Google Scholar
  18. Nebesky-Woikowitz R (1956) Oracles and demons of Tibet. Moutin Press, The HagueGoogle Scholar
  19. Pal P (1983) The art of Tibet: A catalogue of the Los Angeles Museum of Art Collection. Univ California Press, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  20. Pal P (1984) The light of Asia. LA County Museum of ArtGoogle Scholar
  21. Smith PJ, Lucie-Smith E (1986) Craft today: the poetry of the physical. American Craft Museum Weidenfeld & Nicolson, pp 11–40Google Scholar
  22. Smithsonian Institution (1986) Aditi, the living arts of India. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, pp 145–146Google Scholar
  23. Stults R (1986) Media Space. Xerox PARC Tech RepGoogle Scholar
  24. Tucci G (1949) Tibetan painted scrolls. La Liberia Dello Stato, RomeGoogle Scholar
  25. Wayman A (1977) The Goddess Sarasvati fromIndia to Tibet. Kailash 5(3):246–251Google Scholar
  26. Wilson KT (1988) The Palenque optical disc prototype: design of multimedia experiences for education and entertainment in a Nontraditional Learning Context. Tech Rep no 44, Bank Street College of Education, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  27. Yankelovich N, Haan BJ, Meyrowitz NK, Drucker JM (1988) Intermedia: the concept and construction of a seamless information environment. IEEE Comput 15(11):81–96Google Scholar
  28. Yanagi S (1972) The unknown craftsman. Adapted by Leach B, Kodansha International, Tokyo, pp 197–224Google Scholar
  29. Zeltzer D (1982) Motor control techniques for figure animation. IEEE Comp, Graph App 2(9):53–59Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ranjit Makkuni
    • 1
  1. 1.System Sciences LaboratoryXerox Palo Alto Research CenterPalo AltoUSA

Personalised recommendations