Towards integration of service and network management in TINA
The Telecommunications Information Networking Architecture (TINA) defines a framework to support the rapid and flexible deployment and management of a wide range of multi-media, multi-party services in a multi-vendor telecommunications environment. The TINA approach applies opendistributed processing (ODP) and object-oriented design techniques to specify the control and management of the telecommunications services and infrastructure. Management in TINA is applied to the different components of the architecture, services and resources, and to thedistributed processingenvironment (DPE) that provides distribution transparencies and communication capabilities among TINA components. Management in TINA is based on TMN and extended with ODP concepts, as TINA is not concerned with just network management, but also systems management. TINA management architecture addresses aspects of distribution, interoperability, dynamic manager/managed roles, and integration with service control functions. TINA service management concerns different activities of the service life-cycle, from four main aspects: access session management, service session management, user session management and communication session management. The TINA network resource model supports requirements from both network management activities and service connectivity needs.