European Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 155, Issue 1, pp 56–62 | Cite as

Sleep disordered breathing: Effects of adenotonsillectomy on behaviour and psychological functioning

  • N. J. Ali
  • D. Pitson
  • J. R. Stradling
Psychology/Child Psychiatry

Abstract

Children on the adenotonsillectomy waiting list aged 6 years or more were screened by questionnaire and overnight sleep monitoring to identify 12 with a moderate sleep and breathing disorder (SBD) group. They were matched by age and sex with 11 children who had a similar history of snoring and sleep disturbance but without an obvious sleep and breathing problem when monitored (snorer group) and also with a group of ten children most of whom were refered for an unrelated surgical procedure (control group). All children were studied before and 3–6 months after surgery. Pre-operatively the SBD and snorer groups both had significantly more restless sleep than the control group. The SBD group also had significantly more (>4%) dips in oxygen saturation than the other two groups. After surgery there were no longer any significant differences between the three groups. After adenotonsillectomy the SBD group showed a significant reduction in aggression, inattention and hyperactivity on the parent Conners scale, and an improvement in vigilance on the Continuous Performance Test. The snorer group also improved showing less hyperactive behaviour than pre-operatively and better vigilance. The control groups's behaviour and performance did not change significantly. There were no significant changes in the performance of the Matching Familiar Figures Test in any of the groups.

Key words

Sleep apnoea Snoring Sleep disordered breathing Children Adenotensillectomy 

Abbreviations

SBD

sleep and breathing disorder

CPT

continuous performance test

MFFT

matching familiar figures test

WISC-R

Wechsler intelligence scale for children

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. J. Ali
    • 1
    • 2
  • D. Pitson
    • 1
  • J. R. Stradling
    • 1
  1. 1.Osler Chest UnitChurchill HospitalHeadingtonUK
  2. 2.Department of MedicineKings Mill HospitalSutton in AshfieldUK

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