Capnocytophaga canimorsus septicemia: Fifth report of a cat-associated infection and five other cases
- 95 Downloads
Capnocytophaga canimorsus is a fastidious, slow-growing, gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium that belongs to the normal oral flora of dogs and cats. Human septicemic infections are associated with a high mortality; most cases occur in immunocompromised patients with a history of dog bite. The fifth case of cat-associated septicemia caused byCapnocytophaga canimorsus is described. The six case reports presented here point out the characteristics reported previously: (a) cats are a source of human infection; (b) alcohol abuse is an important risk factor for the development of septicemicCapnocytophaga canimorsus infection; (c) septicemic infection often manifests with disseminated intravascular consumption coagulopathy or purpura; and (d) some cases of septicemia in humans result from pets that lick skin ulcers.
KeywordsAlcohol Internal Medicine High Mortality Alcohol Abuse Purpura
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 2.Westwell AJ, Kerr K, Spencer MB, Hutchinson DN: DF-2 infection. British Medical Journal 1989, 298: 116–117.Google Scholar
- 10.August JR: Dysgonic fermenter-2 infections. Journal of the American Veterinary Association 1988, 193: 1506–1508.Google Scholar
- 13.Gallen IW, Ispahani P: FulminantCapnocytophaga canimorsus (DF-2) septicaemia. Lancet 1991, 337: 308.Google Scholar
- 14.Malnick H, Adhami ZN, Galloway A: Isolation and identification ofCapnocytophaga canimorsus (DF-2) from blood culture. Lancet 1991, 338: 384.Google Scholar
- 16.Pletschette M, Köhl J, Kuipers J, Schmidt RE: OpportunisticCapnocytophaga canimorsus infection. Lancet 1992, 339: 308.Google Scholar
- 22.Kristensen KS, Winthereik M, Rasmussen ML:Capnocytophaga canimorsus infection after dog-bite. Lancet 1991, 337: 849.Google Scholar
- 24.Brenner DJ, Hollis DG, Fanning GR, Weaver RE:Capnocytophaga canimorsus sp. nov. (formerly CDC group DF-2), a cause of septicemia following dog bite, andC. cynodegmi sp. nov., a cause of localized wound infection following dog bite. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1989, 27: 231–235.PubMedGoogle Scholar