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Journal of Molecular Evolution

, Volume 33, Issue 3, pp 241–250 | Cite as

Molecular considerations in the evolution of bacterial genes

  • Jeffrey G. Lawrence
  • Daniel L. Hartl
  • Howard Ochman
Article

Summary

Synonymous and nonsynonymous substitution rates at the loci encoding glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (gap) and outer membrane protein 3A (ompA) were examined in 12 species of enteric bacteria. By examining homologous sequences in species of varying degrees of relatedness and of known phylogenetic relationships, we analyzed the patterns of synonymous and nonsynonymous substitutions within and among these genes. Although both loci accumulate synonymous substitutions at reduced rates due to codon usage bias, portions of thegap andompA reading frames show significant deviation in synonymous substitution rates not attributable to local codon bias. A paucity of synonymous substitutions in portions of theompA gene may reflect selection for a novel mRNA secondary structure. In addition, these studies allow comparisons of homologous protein-coding sequences (gap) in plants, animals, and bacteria, revealing differences in evolutionary constraints on this glycolytic enzyme in these lineages.

Key words

Enteric bacteria Codon usage bias Synonymous substitution Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase Outer membrane protein 3A 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeffrey G. Lawrence
    • 1
  • Daniel L. Hartl
    • 1
  • Howard Ochman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeneticsWashington University School of MedicineSt. LouisUSA

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