, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 31–54 | Cite as

The use of foreign patenting as an internationally comparable science and technology output indicator

  • L. G. Soete
  • Sally M. E. Wyatt


Foreign patenting activity in some of the world major patent systems is being compared between countries and industries and is found to be, with a few notable exceptions, relatively unbiased. Furthermore, a brief dynamic analysis of the foreign patenting activity in the USA of a number of OECD-countries in 41 industrial sectors in terms of ‘Revealed Technological Advantage’ indices suggests that foreign patent data might provide a very useful addition to the arsenal of Science and Technology Output Indicators.


Dynamic Analysis Industrial Sector Patent Activity Patent System Patent Data 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    H. ZUCKERMAN, R. B. MILLER (Eds.), Science Indicators: Implications for Research and Policy,Scientometrics, 2 (1980) Nos 5-6.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    OECD, Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy,Preliminary Report of the Results of the Conference on Science and Technology Indicators, Paris, 1981, mimeo.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. SCHMOOKLER,Invention and Economic Growth, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass. 1966.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    F. M. SCHERER, Industrial Market Structure, Opportunity and the Output of Patented Inventions,American Economic Review, 55 (1965), December.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    N. ROSENBERG,Perspectives on Technology, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1976.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    V. WALSH, J. TOWNSEND, Trends in Invention and Innovation in the Chemical Industry, Report to the U.K. Social Science Research Council, Science Policy Research Unit, University of Sussex, 1980, mimeo.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    J. CLARK, C. FREEMAN, L. SOETE, Long Waves, Inventions and Innovations,Futures, 13 (1981) No. 4, August.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    C. FREEMAN, J. CLARK, L. SOETE,Unemployment and Technical Innovation: A Study of Long Waves and Economic Development, Frances Pinter, London, 1982.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    L. SOETE, Firm Size and Inventive Activity: the Evidence Reconsidered,European Economic Review, 12 (1979).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    L. SOETE, The Measurement of Inventive Activity and its Relation to Firm Size, Paper prepared for the 6th Conference of the EARIE, Paris, September 9–12, 1979, mimeo.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    W. S. COMANOR, F. M. SCHERER, Patent Statistics as a Measure of Technical Change,Journal of Political Economy, 77 (1969) December.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    OECD,Mise au point d'indicateurs pour la mesure de l'output des activités de R-D: Premiers résultats et plan des futurs travaux, Comité de la Politique Scientifique et Technologique, SPT (79) 26, Paris, 22nd Novembre 1979, mimeo.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    P. MARSTRAND,Patterns of Change in Biotechnology, SPRU Occasional Paper No. 15, June 1981.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    U.S. Science Indicators (1976), Report of the National Science Board 1977, National Science Foundation.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    R. MCCULLOCH, International Indicators of Science and Technology: How does the U.S. compare?,Scientometrics, 2 (1980) Nos 5-6.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    L. SOETE,Inventive Activity, Industrial Organisation and International Trade, University of Sussex, D. Phil. Thesis, June, 1978.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    K. PAVITT, L. SOETE, Innovative Activities and Export Shares: Some Comparisons Between Industries and Countries, in: K. PAVITT (Ed.),Technical Innovation and British Economic Performance, Macmillan, London, 1980.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    L. SOETE, The Impact of Technological Innovation on International Trade Patterns: the Evidence Reconsidered, Paper presented at OECD Science and Technology Indicators Conference, STIC/80-33, Paris, September 15–19, 1980.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    L. SOETE, A General Test of Technological Gap Trade Theory,Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, 117 (1981) Heft 4.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    K. PAVITT, L. SOETE, International Differences in Economic Growth and the International Location of Innovation, in: H. GIERSCH (Ed.),Emerging Technologies: Consequences for Economic Growth, Structural Change and Employment in Advanced Open Economies, J.C.B. Mohr, Tubingen 1982.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    D. de SOLLA PRICE, The Analysis of Scientometric Matrices for Policy Implications,Scientometrics, 3 (1981) No. 1.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    U.S. Science Indicators (1978), Report of the National Science Board 1979, National Science Foundation.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Office of Technology Assessment and Forecast, U.S. Patent and Trademark office,Indicators of Patent Output of U.S. Industry, IV, U.S. Patenting 55 SIC Product Fields (1963–79), prepared for Science Indicators Unit, National Science Foundation, August 1980.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO),Industrial Property Statistics 1978–79, Geneva, 1981.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    H. GREVINK, H. KRONZ,Evolution of Patent Filing Activities in the EEC, Commission of the European Communities, EUR 6574 e, 1979.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    H. GREVINK, H. KRONZ,Evolution of Patent Filing Activities in the USA, Commission of the European Communities, EUR 6575 e, 1980.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    L. SOETE, S. WYATT, Domestic and Foreign Patenting in the USA and the EEC, OECD Workshop on Patent and Innovation Statistics, DSTI/SPR/82.29, Paris, May. 24, 1982.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. G. Soete
    • 1
  • Sally M. E. Wyatt
    • 1
  1. 1.Science Policy Research UnitUniversity of SussexBrighton(UK)

Personalised recommendations