Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 10, Issue 5, pp 353–361 | Cite as

Adolescents' perceptions of the costs and benefits associated with cigarette smoking: Sex differences and peer influence

  • Kathryn Urberg
  • Rochelle L. Robbins
Article

Abstract

This study explored the perceptions of young adolescents of the costs and benefits of cigarette smoking. These perceptions were examined as a function of the sex of the adolescent and peer smoking habits. The sample consisted of 155 White middle class male and female adolescents, aged 12 to 15. The results indicate that endorsement of particular costs and benefits was related to the respondent's sex and whether or not the respondent had friends who smoked. The girls seemed to view smoking as a sign of rebellion or autonomy, while the boys seemed to view smoking cigarettes as a social coping mechanism. The effect of having friends who smoke was always mediated by the sex of the adolescents. Boys who have friends who smoke have attitudes that appear more conducive to smoking than do boys with nonsmoking friends. This relationship did not hold for girls. The implications for smoking education and intervention are discussed.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ajzen, I. and Fishbein, M. (1970). The prediction of behavior from attitudinal and normative variables.J. Exper. Soc. Psychol. 6: 466–487.Google Scholar
  2. American Cancer Society. (1979).Cigarette Smoking Among Teenagers and Young Women (Published by National Cancer Institute in cooperation with the American Cancer Society. DHEW Publication No. (NIH) 77-1203).Google Scholar
  3. Evans, R. I., Rozelle, R. M., Mittlemark, M. B., Hansen, W. B., Bane, H. L., and Havis, J. (1978). Deterring the onset of smoking in children: Knowledge of immediate physiological effects and coping with peer pressure, media pressure and parent modeling.J. Appl. Soc. Psychol. 8: 126–135.Google Scholar
  4. Everitt, B. S. (1977).The Analysis of Contingency Tables Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  5. Garell, D. C., Guthrie, A., Hammar, S. L., Heald, F. P., Hofmann, A. D., James, W., Olson, H. L., Shen, J., Tammer. N. M., Thornton, M. L., Nasserman, M. P., and Wolfish, M. G. (1976). A new approach to teenage smoking.Pediatrics 57(4): 465–466.Google Scholar
  6. Hanley, J. A., and Robinson, J. C. (1976). Cigarette smoking and the young: A national survey.Cand. Med. Assoc. J. 114: 511–517.Google Scholar
  7. McAlister, A. L., Perry, C., and Maccoby, N. (1979). Adolescent smoking: Onset and prevention.Pediatrics 63: 650–658.Google Scholar
  8. Sherman, S. J., Chassen, L., Presson, C. C., and Olshavsky, R. W. (1979). Social psychological factors in adolescent cigarette smoking. Paper presented at a symposium of the American Psychological Association, New York, September.Google Scholar
  9. Smetana, J. G. and Adler, N. E. (1980). Fishbein's value expectancy model: An examination of some assumptions.Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 6(1): 89–86.Google Scholar
  10. Surgeon General. (1979).Smoking and Health (DHEW Publication No. (PHS) 79-50066), U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Bethesda, Md.Google Scholar
  11. Williams, T. M. (1971).Summary and Implications of Review of Literature Related to Adolescent Smoking U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Bethesda, Md.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kathryn Urberg
    • 1
  • Rochelle L. Robbins
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Family and Consumer ResourcesWayne State UniversityDetroit
  2. 2.Department of Clinical PsychologyUniversity of FloridaUSA

Personalised recommendations