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Digestive Diseases and Sciences

, Volume 39, Issue 12, pp 2612–2618 | Cite as

Loperamide improves anal sphincter function and continence after restorative proctocolectomy

  • T. Hallgren
  • S. Fasth
  • D. S. Delbro
  • S. Nordgren
  • T. Öresland
  • L. Hultén
Motitity, Nerve-Gut Interactions, Hormones, And Receptors

Abstract

The physiological and clinical effects of loperamide treatment versus placebo were investigated in a randomized, double-blind, crossover study in patients operated with restorative proctocolectomy. Sixteen patients operated with endoanal mucosectomy and a handsewn ileal pouch-anal anastomosis and 14 patients operated with abdominal proctocolectomy and stapling of the pouch to the top of the anal canal were studied. While loperamide treatment increased resting anal pressure in both groups of patients by approximately 20% (P<0.05), squeeze pressure was not affected. Loperamide did not affect pouch volume or contractility. Sensory thresholds and the recto/pouch-anal inhibitory reflex were not influenced by loperamide treatment. Clinical function was improved, with a reduced bowel frequency and an improved nighttime continence, with less soiling (P<0.05) as well as need to wear a protective pad.

Key words

anal sphincter continence loperamide manovolumetry restorative proctocolectomy 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Hallgren
    • 1
  • S. Fasth
    • 1
  • D. S. Delbro
    • 1
  • S. Nordgren
    • 1
  • T. Öresland
    • 1
  • L. Hultén
    • 1
  1. 1.From the Department of SurgeryUniversity of GöteborgGöteborgSweden

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