Landscape Ecology

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 15–25 | Cite as

Landscape structure and the disturbance regime at three rural regions in Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan

  • Mahito Kamada
  • Nobukazu Nakagoshi


Using the vegetation maps of island, inland and mountainous rural regions in Hiroshima Prefecture in western Japan, landscape structures in terms of the size and number of patches are compared, and the characteristics of the disturbance regimes creating each landscape are discussed. Landscape structure in the island rural region is the most heterogeneous, because factors which alter the landscape structure are the most complex. This heterogeneity is established and kept by the agricultural land uses and natural disturbances such as forest fire and pine-disease. At the mountainous rural region, the landscape mosaic is characterized by the relatively large patches composed of conifer plantations and secondary deciduous oak forests. This is the result of the forestry. The inland region landscape is the most homogeneous, because factors which alter landscape structure are now absent. The complex of the physical, biological and anthropogenic forces makes the landscape unique to each region.


disturbance regime land use landscape structure regional comparison rural region 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bastian, O. and Bernhardt, A. 1993. Anthropogenic landscape changes in Central Europe and the role of bioindication. Landscape Ecology 8: 139–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Birks, H.H., Birks, H.J.B., Kaland, P. and Moe D., eds. 1988. The cultural landscape: Past, present and future. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  3. Braun-Blanquet, J. 1964. Pflanzensoziologie, Grundzüge der Vegetationskunde. 3 Aufl. Springer, Wien.Google Scholar
  4. Danielson, B.J. 1991. Communities in a landscape: The influence of habitat heterogeneity on the interactions between species. Amer. Nat. 138: 1105–1120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Forman, R.T.T. and Godron, M. 1986. Landscape ecology. John Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  6. Franklin, J.R. and Forman, R.T.T. 1987. Creating landscape patterns by forest cutting: Ecological consequences and principles. Landscape Ecology 1: 5–18.Google Scholar
  7. Hansson, L. 1979. On the importance of landscape heterogeneity in northern regions for the breeding population densities of homeotherms: a general hypothesis. Oikos 33: 182–189.Google Scholar
  8. Isagi, Y. and Nakagoshi, N. 1990. A Markov approach for describing post-fire succession of vegetation. Ecol. Res. 5: 163–171.Google Scholar
  9. Johnson, E.D. and Miyanishi, K. 1991. Fire and population dynamics of lodgepole pine and Engelmann spruce forests in the southern Canadian Rockies.In Coniferous forest ecology from an international perspective, pp. 77–91. Edited by N. Nakagoshi and F.B. Golley. SPB Academic Publishing, The Hague.Google Scholar
  10. Kamada, M. and Nakagoshi, N. 1990. Patterns and processes of secondary vegetation at a farm village in southwestern Japan after the 1960s. Jpn. J. Ecol. 40: 137–150. (in Japanese with English synopsis).Google Scholar
  11. Kamada, M., Nakagoshi, N. and Nehira, K. 1991. Pine forest ecology and landscape management: A comparative study in Japan and Korea.In Coniferous forest ecology from an international perspective. pp. 43–62. Edited by N. Nakagoshi and F.B. Golley. SPB Academic Publishing, The Hague.Google Scholar
  12. Kannegieter, A. 1988. Mapping land-use.In Vegetation mapping, pp. 335–374. Edited by A.W. Kücheler and I.S. Zonneveld. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht.Google Scholar
  13. McDonnell, M.J. and Pickett, S.T.A., eds. 1993. Humans as components of ecosystems: The ecology of subtle human effects and populated areas. Springer, New York.Google Scholar
  14. Nakagoshi, N., Nehira, K. and Takahashi. F. 1987. The role of fire in pine forests of Japan.In The role of fire in ecological systems, pp. 91–119. Edited by L. Trabaud. SPB Academic Publishing, The Hague.Google Scholar
  15. Nakagoshi, N. and Ohta, Y. 1992. Factors affecting the dynamics of vegetation in the landscapes of Shimokamagari Island, southwestern Japan. Landscape Ecology 7: 111–119.Google Scholar
  16. Nakagoshi, N., Someya, T., Kamada, M. and Nehira, K. 1989. Actual vegetation map of Hiwa-cho, Hiroshima Prefecture. Miscellaneous Report of the Hiwa Museum for Natural History 28: 1–10, +map.Google Scholar
  17. Nakagoshi, N., Someya, T. and Nehira, K. 1990. Map of actual vegetation of Kurahashi-cho, Hiroshima Prefecture. Bull. Biol. Soc. Hiroshima Univ. 56: 3–7, +map.Google Scholar
  18. Pulliam, H.R., Dunning Jr., J.B. and Liu, J. 1992. Population dynamics in complex landscapes: A case study. Ecological Applications 2: 165–177.Google Scholar
  19. Romme, W.H. 1982. Fire and landscape diversity in subalpine forest of Yellow Stone National Park. Ecol. Monog. 52: 199–221.Google Scholar
  20. Someya, T., Kamada, M., Nakagoshi, N. and Nehira, K. 1989. Pattern and process of vegetation landscape in a mountainous farm village: A case study at Hiwa-cho, Hiroshima Prefecture. Geographical Sciences 44: 53–69. (in Japanese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  21. Soulé, M.E., Alberts, A.C. and Bolger, D.T. 1992. The effects of habitat fragmentation on chaparral plants and vertebrates. Oikos 63: 39–47.Google Scholar
  22. Touyama, Y. and Nakagoshi, N. 1994. A comparison of soil anthropod fauna in coniferous plantation and secondary forests. Jpn. J. Ecol. 44: 21–31. (in Japanese with English synopsis).Google Scholar
  23. Turner, M.G., ed. 1987. Landscape heterogeneity and disturbance. Springer, New York.Google Scholar
  24. Turner, M.G. 1989. Landscape ecology: The effect of pattern on process. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 20: 171–197.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Turner, M.G., Gardner, R.H., Dale, V.H. and O'Neill, R.V. 1989. Predicting the spread of disturbance across heterogeneous landscapes. Oikos 55: 121–129.Google Scholar
  26. Turner, M.G., Romme, W.H., Gardner, R.H., O'Neill, R.V. and Kratz, T.K. 1993. A revised concept of landscape equilibrium: Disturbance and stability on scaled landscapes. Landscape Ecology 8: 213–227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Turner, M.G. and Ruscher, C.L. 1988. Changes in landscape patterns in Georgia, USA. Landscape Ecology 1: 241–251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. White, P.S. and Pickett, S.T.A. 1985. Natural disturbance and patch dynamics: an introduction.In Natural disturbance and patch dynamics, pp. 3–13. Edited by P.S. White and S.T.A. Pickett. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© SBP Academic Publishing bv 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mahito Kamada
    • 1
    • 2
  • Nobukazu Nakagoshi
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Tokushima Prefectural MuseumTokushimaJapan
  2. 2.Faculty of Integrated Arts and SciencesHiroshima UniversityHigashi-HiroshimaJapan

Personalised recommendations