Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 20, Issue 5, pp 1039–1051 | Cite as

Cardenolides as oviposition deterrents to twoPieris species: Structure-activity relationships

  • Xinpei Huang
  • J. A. A. Renwick


Oviposition responses ofPieris rapae andP. napi oleracea to 18 cardenolides were compared under the same conditions. Effects of different concentrations of selected cardenolides were also tested. Most of the compounds were deterrent to oviposition by both insects, but to significantly different degrees.P. rapae were strongly deterred by K-strophanthoside, K-strophanthin-β, cymarin, convallatoxin, oleandrin, erysimoside, erychroside, and gitoxigenin. The most deterrent compounds forP. napi oleracea were erychroside, cymarin, erysimoside, convallatoxin, and K-strophanthoside. Strophanthidin-based glycosides were more deterrent than digitoxigenin-based ones, and the number and type of sugar substitutions can have profound effects on activity. Both similarities and contrasts were found in responses ofP. rapae andP. napi oleracea to these cardenolides. Cymarin was equally deterrent to bothPieris species at all concentrations tested. However, when compared withP. rapae, P. napi oleracea was less sensitive to most of the cardenolides.P. napi oleracea was insensitive to K-strophanthin-β and oleandrin at 0.5 × 10−4 M, which were highly deterrent toP. rapae.

Key Words

Pieris rapae Pieris napi oleracea Lepidoptera Pieridae oviposition deterrents cardenolides 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xinpei Huang
    • 1
  • J. A. A. Renwick
    • 1
  1. 1.Boyce Thompson Institute at Cornell UniversityIthaca

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