Advertisement

Mycopathologia et mycologia applicata

, Volume 38, Issue 1–2, pp 151–159 | Cite as

A ten years survey of Romanian soil screening for keratinophilic fungi (1958–1967)

  • I. Alteras
  • R. Evolceanu
Article

Summary

Out of 750 soil samples collected from various regions of Romania, during 1958–1967, a positive percentage of 86 was positive for keratinophilic fungi. Among the 13 isolated species, the most prevalent wereM. gypseum (54.6 %),C. keratinophilum (40.1 %) andK. (T.)ajelloi (27 %). BesideT. terrestre, found in 8.9 % of the examined soil samples, the percentage of the remaining species is low, not exceeding 4 %. In order of frequency:C. (T).evolceanui (3.2 %),M. cookei (2.2 %),T. mentagrophytes (2 %),T. quinckeanum (0.9 %),C. (T.)indicum (0.6 %). There have been also isolated, but only once;M. canis, A. multifidum, T. georgiae andT. vanbreuseghemii.

The studies carried out on the immunobiological properties of the Romanian soil isolates (including intracutaneous tests, serological reactions and therapeutic efficiency), have showed a close relationship between these fungi and the common pathogenic dermatophytes. The pathogenic power of the keratinophilic fungi is briefly discussed.

Keywords

Soil Sample Canis Romania Positive Percentage Therapeutic Efficiency 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ajello, L., Warsawsky, E., Ginther, O. &Bubash, 1964. The natural history ofMicrosporum nanum, Mycologia,56, 6: 873–884.Google Scholar
  2. Alteraş, I. &Evolceanu, R. 1967.Trichophyton georgiae andTrichophyton vanbreuseghemii in Romanian soil, Mykosen,12: 585–588.Google Scholar
  3. Alteraş, I. &Evolcenu, R (in press) — Keratinophilic fungi in the delta of the Danube — Acta derm.-venerol. (Stockholm).Google Scholar
  4. Ehrman, G. &Thurner, I. 1962. Human-Infektion mit Keratinomyces ajelloi, Mykosen,5/2: 63–66.Google Scholar
  5. Evolceanu, R. &Alteraş, I 1958. LeMicrosporon gypseum. Quelques observations cliniques et mycologiques concernant ce dermatophyte. Mycopath. et Mycol. appl.,10, 2: 71–82.Google Scholar
  6. Evolceanu, R. &Alteraş, I. 1959. Considérations à propos des caractères mycologiques et pathogéniques duKeratinomyces ajelloi,Vanbreuseghem 1952, saprophyte du sol. Mycopath. et Mycol. appl.,11, 3: 196–204.Google Scholar
  7. Evolceanu, R., Alteraş, I. &Cojocaru, I. 1960. Our experience concerning the soil origin of dermatophytes (in Rumanian). Experiena noastrĂ în legĂturĂ cu natura saprofiticĂ, teluricĂ, a dermatofitilor. Dermato-Venerologia (Bucharest),4: 335–341.Google Scholar
  8. Evolceanu, R., Alteraş, I. &Cojocaru, I. 1961. Sur la présence duTrichophyton quinckeanum dans le sol. Mycopath. et Mycol. appl.,14, 4: 359–366.Google Scholar
  9. Evolceanu, R. &Alteraş, I. 1960. De l'origine saprophytique des dermatophytes. Une espèce du genre Aleurisma, saprophyte du sol. Mycopath. et Mycol. appl.,12, 3: 223–232.Google Scholar
  10. Evolceanu, R., Alteraş, I., Dobrescu, A. &Kursky-Eremia, V. 1961. Sur l'origine tellurique du Ctenomyces interdigitalis. Dysidrose palmaire par contact avec la terre. Mycopath. et Mycol. appl.13, 1: 15–24.Google Scholar
  11. Evolceanu, R., Alteraş, I. &Cojocaru, I. 1962. Considérations sur l'ubiquité duTrichophyton terrestre,Durie etFrey, 1957. saprophyte du sol. Son inoculabilité. Mycopath. et Mycol. appl.16, 1: 35–46.Google Scholar
  12. Evolceanu, R., Alteraş, I., Cojocaru, I. 1962. Considérations sur la présence duTrichophyton mentagrophytes dans le sol. Mycopath. et. Mycol. appl.,16, 4: 342–350.Google Scholar
  13. Evolceanu, R., Alteraş, I. &Cojocaru, I. 1962. New cases of human infections byTrichophyton quinckeanum from soil sources. Sabouraudia,2, 1: 14–18.Google Scholar
  14. Evolceanu, R. &Alteraş, I. 1963. Considérations sur la présence duMicrosporon cookei dans le sol roumain. Mycopath. et Mycol. appl.,20, 3–4: 334–336.Google Scholar
  15. Evolceanu, R., Alteraş, I. &Cojocaru, I. 1964. Dermatomycoses provoquées par les dermatophytes d'origine tellurique. Ann. Derm. Syph.,91, 2: 127–136.Google Scholar
  16. Evolceanu, R. &Alteraş, I. 1966. On the occurrence ofTrichophyton indicum in Rumanian soil. Mycopath. et Mycol. appl.,28, 1–2: 57–62.Google Scholar
  17. Evolceanu, R., Alteraş, I. &Nicolau, G. 1966. New data concerning the immunobiological properties of geophilic dermatophytes. Mycopath. et Mycol. appl.,28, 4: 323.Google Scholar
  18. Evolceanu, R. &Alteraş, I. 1966. Über die pathogenen Eigenschaften einiger geophilen Dermatophyten, die in Bodenproben aus Rumänien festgestellt wurden. Mykosen,9, 4: 155.Google Scholar
  19. Evolceanu, R. &Alteraş, I. 1967. Isolierung vonMicrosporon canis aus den Bodenproben von Rumänien, Mykosen:9, 243–246.Google Scholar
  20. Evolceanu, R. &Alteraş, I. 1967. Ein keratinophiles Chrysosporium mit ausgesprochenen dermatophytischen, immunobiologischen Eigenschaften aus Guano von einer Grotte in Rumänien (unvollkommenes Stadium vonArthroderma multifidum-Dawson 1963). Mykosen,10: 489–492.Google Scholar
  21. Garavelli, Hugo José. 1964. Investigación del Keratinomyces ajelloi en tierras de la ciudad de Buenos Aires. Mycopath. et Mycol. appl.,22, 1: 246.Google Scholar
  22. Marcelou-Kinti, V. 1966. Sur la fréquence des dermatophytes géophiles dans les zones littorales. Bull. Soc. Fr. Mycol. méd.,11: 12–13.Google Scholar
  23. Mariat, F. M. &Tapia, Gladys (1966) Considérations sur une souche de Microsporum cookei parasite du cynocephale (Papio papio), Sabouraudia,5, 1: 43–45.Google Scholar
  24. Rieth, H. &El Fiki, A. Y. 1959. Dermatomykosen beim Pferd durch Keratinomyces ajelloi — Vanbreuseghem 1952, Bull. pharm. Res.,4: 274.Google Scholar
  25. Rioux, J. A., Jarry, T. F. &Juminer, B. 1964. Un nouveau dermatophyte isolé du sol: Trichophyton vanbreuseghemii n. sp. Naturalia monspetensia, ser. bot.,16: 153.Google Scholar
  26. Schick, G. W. 1955. Drei positive Befunde von Microsporum cookei Ajello 1959 in Hautläsionen beim Menschen. Derm. Wschr.,152, 8: 178–183.Google Scholar
  27. Sehti, K. K., Randhawa, H. S., Kuruo, P. V. &Ajello, L. 1957. Isolation of Microsporum vanbreuseghemii from soil in India. Sabouraudia,6, 1: 81–82.Google Scholar
  28. Stepanisheva, Z. G. &Malkina, A. Y. 1967. On the possibility of experimental alterations of pathogenic properties of soil keratinophils (in Russian) — Vestn. dermat. i vener.7: 54–57.Google Scholar
  29. Vanbreuseghem, R. 1960. La vie saprophytique des dermatophytes. Ann. Derm. Syph.,87, 5: 481–492.Google Scholar
  30. Varsavsky, Edith &Ajello, L. 1964. The perfect and imperfect form of a new keratinophilic fungus Arthroderma ciferrii sp. nov. Trichophyton georgii sp. nov. Revista di patologia vegetale ser. 3, 4,5: 351.Google Scholar
  31. Yousef Al-Doory. 1967. The occurrence of keratinophilic fungi in Texas soil. Mycopath. et Mycol. appl.,33, 3: 105–112.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. W. Junk N.V. 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. Alteras
    • 1
  • R. Evolceanu
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of MycologyDermato-venereological CenterBucharestRomania

Personalised recommendations