Mycoflora of mangrove mud

  • J. N. Rai
  • J. P. Tewari
  • K. G. Mukerji


Thirty-nine species and four varieties of fungi are reported from mangrove mud collected from Kagh Island, Port Canning and Diamond Harbour, West Bengal, India. Of these forms twelve species and two varieties belonged to genusAspergillus and three species belonged, each toMucor, Penicillium andPreussia. Two species both ofFusarium andTrichoderma were also isolated. Two new species,Cladosporium indicum andPaecilomyces indicus and five other interesting fungi are described in detail.


India Penicillium Cladosporium Interesting Fungus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Apinis, A. E. 1963. Thermophilous fungi of coastal grasslands. In Soil Organisms, pp. 427–438, Eds. J. Doeksen & J. Van der Drift. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing Co.Google Scholar
  2. Apinis, A. E. 1964. A revision of British Gymnoascaceae. Mycol. Pap. 96.Google Scholar
  3. Apinis, A. E. &Chesters, C. G. C. 1964. Ascomycetes of some salt marshes and sand dunes. Trans. Brit. mycol. Soc.47: 419–435.Google Scholar
  4. Bainier, G. 1907. Mycothèque de l'Ecole de Pharmacie. XI.Paecilomyces, genre nouveau de Mucédinées. Bull. trimest. Soc. mycol. Fr.23 26–27.Google Scholar
  5. Barron, G. L. 1961.Monilicium humicola sp. nov. andPaecilomyces variabilis sp. nov. from soil. Canad. J. Bot.39 1573–1578.Google Scholar
  6. Barron, G. L. &Busch, L. V. 1962. Studies on the soil hyphomyceteScolecobasidium. Canad. J. Bot.40 77–84.Google Scholar
  7. Bisby, G. R. 1944. Notes on British Hyphomycetes. Trans. Brit. mycol. Soc.27 101–112.Google Scholar
  8. Brown, J. C. 1958. Fungal mycelium in dune soils estimated by a modified impression slide technique. Trans. Brit. mycol. Soc.41 81–88.Google Scholar
  9. Brown, A. H. S. &Smith, G. 1957. The genusPaecilomyces Bainier and its perfect stageByssochlamys Westling. Trans. Brit. mycol. Soc.40 17–89.Google Scholar
  10. Cain, R. F. 1956. Studies of Soil Fungi.Saturnomyces a new genus of the Aspergillaceae. Canad. J. Bot.34 135–141.Google Scholar
  11. Cain, R. F. 1961. Studies of Soil Fungi. III. New species ofConiochaeta, Chaetomidium, andThielavia. Canad. J. Bot.39 1231–1239.Google Scholar
  12. Cooke, W. B. 1957. Nutritional requirements of nine common sewage fungi. Sewage and Industrial Wastes29 1243–1251.Google Scholar
  13. Cooke, W. B. 1958. Continuous sampling of trickling filter populations. J. Procedures. Ibid.30 21–27.Google Scholar
  14. Cooke, W. B. 1963. A laboratory guide to fungi in polluted waters, sewage, and sewage treatment systems. Public Health Service Publication No. 999-WP-1, U.S. Dept. of Health, Education and Welfare, Cincinnati.Google Scholar
  15. Cooke, W. B. &Hirsch, A. 1958. Continuous sampling of trickling filter populations. II. Populations. Sewage and Industrial Wastes30 138–156.Google Scholar
  16. Cornford, C. E. 1960. British records, 42. Trans. Brit. mycol. Soc.43 155.Google Scholar
  17. Fell, J. W., Ahearn, D. G., Meyers, S. P. &Roth, F. J. Jr. 1960. Isolation of yeasts from Biscayne Bay, Florida and adjacent benthic areas. Limnol. Oceanog.5 366–371.Google Scholar
  18. Gold, H. S. 1959. Distribution of some lignicolous Ascomycetes and Fungi Imperfecti in an estuary. J. Elisha Mitchel Soc.75 25–28.Google Scholar
  19. Höhnk, W. 1961. A further contribution to the oceanographic mycology. Rappt. Proces-Verbaux Réunions Conseil Perm. Int. Exploration Mer,149 202–208.Google Scholar
  20. Hughes, S. J. 1953. Conidiophores, conidia, and classification. Canad. J. Bot.31 577–659.Google Scholar
  21. Johnson, J. W. &Sparrow, F. K. 1961. Fungi in oceans and estuaries. Weinheim: J. Cramer.Google Scholar
  22. Kohlmeyer, J. 1963. The importance of fungi in the sea. Symposium on marine microbiology. Springfield: Thomas Publ. Co.Google Scholar
  23. Krzemieniewska, H. &Badura, L. 1954. Z badań nad mikroflora lasu Bukowego. Acta Soc. Bot. Polon.23 545–587.Google Scholar
  24. Meyer, S. P., Federk, W. A. &Tsue, K. M. 1964. Studies of relationships among nematodes and filamentous fungi in the marine environment. Develop. Ind. Microbiol. cited fromRoth et al. (1964).Google Scholar
  25. Moore, R. T. &Meyers, S. P. 1959. Thallasiomycetes. I. Principles of delimitation of marine mycota with the description of a new aquatically adapted deuteromycete genus. Mycologia51 871–876.Google Scholar
  26. Morita, R. Y. &ZoBell, C. E. 1955. Occurrence of bacteria in pelagic sediments collected during the Mid-Pacific Expedition. Deep-Sea Res.3 66–73.Google Scholar
  27. Nicot, J. 1956. Observations sur la mycoflore du sol du bois des Rièges (Camargue). C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris243 820–822.Google Scholar
  28. Nicot, J. 1958. Une moisissure arénicole du littoral atlantique:Dendryphiella arenaria sp. nov. Rév. Mycol.23 87–99.Google Scholar
  29. Phaff, H. J., Mrak, E. M. &Williams, O. B. 1952. Yeasts isolated from shrimps. Mycologia44 431–451.Google Scholar
  30. Příhoda, A. 1956. Hniloby Kaktasu. Živa,4 141–143.Google Scholar
  31. Pugh, G. J. F., Blakeman, J. P., Morgan-Jones, G. &Eggins, H. O. W. 1963. Studies on fungi in coastal soils. IV. Trans. Brit. mycol. Soc.46 565–571.Google Scholar
  32. Pugh, G. J. F., Blakeman, J. P., Morgan-Jones, G., Eggins, H. O. W. &Mathison, G. E. 1962. Studies on fungi in coastal soils. II. Trans. Brit. mycol. Soc.45 467–572.Google Scholar
  33. Rai, J. N., Mukerji, K. G. &Tewari, J. P. 1961. Two new records in soil fungi. Curr. Sci.30 231–232.Google Scholar
  34. Rai, J. N. &Tewari, J. P. 1962.Pseudoeurotium globosum n. sp., a new Ascomycete from Indian Soils. Mycopath. Mycol. appl.16 90–96.Google Scholar
  35. Rai, J. N. &Tewari, J. P. 1963. On some isolates of genusPreussia Fuckel from Indian Soils. Proc. Indian Acad. Sci.57 45–55.Google Scholar
  36. Rai, J. N., Tewari, J. P. &Mukerji, K. G. 1964. A newAspergillus from Indian Soils:A. striatus spec. nov. Canad. J. Bot.42 1521–1524.Google Scholar
  37. Raper, K. B. &Thom, C. 1949. A manual of the Penicillia. Baltimore: The Williams and Wilkins Co.Google Scholar
  38. Rayss, T. &Borut, S. 1958. Contribution to the knowledge of soil fungi in Israel. Mycopath. Mycol. appl.10 142–174.Google Scholar
  39. Ritchie, D. 1957. Salinity optima for Marine fungi affected by temperature. Amer. J. Bot.44 870–874.Google Scholar
  40. Roth, F. J., Jr., Ahearn, D. G., Fell, J. W., Meyers, S. P. &Meyers, S. A. 1962. Ecology and taxonomy of yeasts isolated from various marine substrates. Limnol. Oceanog.7 178–185.Google Scholar
  41. Roth, F. J., Jr., Ahearn, D. G., Fell, J. W., Meyers, S. P., Meyers, S. A. Orpurt, P. A. &Ahearn, D. G. 1964. Occurrence and distribution of fungi in a subtropical marine environment. Canad. J. Bot.42 375–383.Google Scholar
  42. Saccardo, P. A. 1892. Sylloge Fungorum. X. Patavii.Google Scholar
  43. Saitô, T. 1952. The soil fungi of a salt marsh and its neighbourhood. Ecol. Rev.13 111–119.Google Scholar
  44. Stolk, A. C. 1955. The generaAnixiopsis Hansen andPseudeurotium van Beyma. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek21 65–79.Google Scholar
  45. Swart, H. J. 1958a. An investigation of the mycoflora in the soil of some mangrove swamps. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing Co.Google Scholar
  46. Swart, H. J. 1958b. A new species ofBeltrania from soil. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek24 221–224.Google Scholar
  47. Swart, H. J. 1959. Observations on fungus cultures from the collection of the Botany Department of the University of the Witwatersrand. II. Some ascosporic species ofAspergillus. S. Afr. J. Sci.55 51–53.Google Scholar
  48. Swart, H. J. 1963a. Further investigation of the mycoflora in the soil of some mangrove swamps. Acta bot. Neerl.12 98–111.Google Scholar
  49. Swart, H. J. 1963b. Three interesting imperfect fungi. S. Afr. J. Sci.59 423–424.Google Scholar
  50. Webley, D. M., Eastwood, D. J. &Gimingham, C. H. 1952. Development of a soil microflora in relation to plant succession on sand-dunes, including the “rhizosphere” flora associated with colonizing species. J. Ecol.40: Google Scholar
  51. Westling, R. 1909.Byssochlamys nivea, en föreningslänk mellen familjerna Gymnoascaceae och Endomycetaceae. Svensk. bot. Tidskr.3 125–137.Google Scholar
  52. Wollenweber, H. W. &Reinking, O. A. 1935. Die Fusarien, ihre Beschreibung, Schadwirkung und Bekämpfung. Berlin: Verlagsbuchhandlung Paul Parey.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. W. Junk N.V. 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. N. Rai
    • 1
  • J. P. Tewari
    • 1
  • K. G. Mukerji
    • 1
  1. 1.Botany DepartmentLucknow UniversityLucknowIndia

Personalised recommendations