Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 22, Issue 1, pp 37–48 | Cite as

Ant repellent effect of the sternal gland secretion ofPolistes dominulus (Christ) andP. sulcifer (Zimmermann). (Hymenoptera: Vespidae)

  • Francesca R. Dani
  • Sara Cannoni
  • Stefano Turillazzi
  • E. David Morgan


The long-chain carboxylic acids identified in the sternal gland secretion ofPolistes dominulus andP. sulcifer females were tested individually on three species of ants,Crematogaster scutellaris, Formica cunicularia, andLasius sp., in order to verify if they have a repellent effect. The unsaturated acids (palmitoleic, linoleic, and oleic) act as repellents of all three ant species, while the saturated acids (lauric, myristic, palmitic, and stearic) have no effect. The mixture reproducing the secretion of the sternal glands ofP. dominulus maintained its repellency for at least four days.

Key Words

Vespidae Polistinae Polistes sternal glands nest defense ant repellents allomones unsaturated carboxylic acids 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francesca R. Dani
    • 1
  • Sara Cannoni
    • 1
  • Stefano Turillazzi
    • 1
  • E. David Morgan
    • 2
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Biologia Animale e GeneticaUniversità di FirenzeFirenzeItaly
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryKeele UniversityEngland, ST5 5BG, UK

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