Extraction and spectrophotometric determination of uranium in phosphate fertilizers
An extraction and spectrophotometric method for determination of trace amounts of uranium in phosphate fertilizers is described. It is based on the extraction of uranium with trioctylphosphine oxide in benzene and the spectrophotometric determination of uranium with Arsenazo III in buffer-alcoholic medium. The maximum absorbance occurs at 655 nm with a molar absorptivity of 1.2·104 l·mol−1·cm−1. Beer's law is obeyed over the range 0.6–15.0 μg·ml−1 of uranium(VI). The proposed method has been applied successfully to the analysis of phosphate fertilizers with phosphate concentrations of 45% P2O5.
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