Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 21, Issue 3, pp 379–384 | Cite as

On insect attractants from pitcher plants of the genusHeliamphora (sarraceniaceae)

  • Klaus Jaffé
  • Murray S. Blum
  • Henry M. Fales
  • Robert T. Mason
  • Aivlé Cabrera
Article

Abstract

Examination ofHeliamphora heterodoxa andH. tatei from the Guayana Highlands of Venezuela reveals that the enol diacetal monoterpene, sarracenin, is the major volatile compound present in the spoon-shaped structures of leaves of the pitchers. In addition, erucamide, phenol, cinerone, phenylacetaldehyde, and a series of methyl esters also occur in extracts of the spoon-shaped appendages of pitchers at the time during which they attract insects.

Key words

Heliamphora carnivorous plants pitcher plants sarracenin insect attractants 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Klaus Jaffé
    • 1
  • Murray S. Blum
    • 2
  • Henry M. Fales
    • 3
  • Robert T. Mason
    • 4
  • Aivlé Cabrera
    • 1
  1. 1.Dpto. de Biología de OrganismosUniversidad Simón BolívarCaracasVenezuela
  2. 2.Department of EntomologyUniversity of GeorgiaAthens
  3. 3.Laboratory of Physical ChemistryNational Heart, Lung and Blood InstituteBethesda
  4. 4.Department of ZoologyOregon State UniversityCorvallis

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