Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 21, Issue 3, pp 379–384 | Cite as

On insect attractants from pitcher plants of the genusHeliamphora (sarraceniaceae)

  • Klaus Jaffé
  • Murray S. Blum
  • Henry M. Fales
  • Robert T. Mason
  • Aivlé Cabrera


Examination ofHeliamphora heterodoxa andH. tatei from the Guayana Highlands of Venezuela reveals that the enol diacetal monoterpene, sarracenin, is the major volatile compound present in the spoon-shaped structures of leaves of the pitchers. In addition, erucamide, phenol, cinerone, phenylacetaldehyde, and a series of methyl esters also occur in extracts of the spoon-shaped appendages of pitchers at the time during which they attract insects.

Key words

Heliamphora carnivorous plants pitcher plants sarracenin insect attractants 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Klaus Jaffé
    • 1
  • Murray S. Blum
    • 2
  • Henry M. Fales
    • 3
  • Robert T. Mason
    • 4
  • Aivlé Cabrera
    • 1
  1. 1.Dpto. de Biología de OrganismosUniversidad Simón BolívarCaracasVenezuela
  2. 2.Department of EntomologyUniversity of GeorgiaAthens
  3. 3.Laboratory of Physical ChemistryNational Heart, Lung and Blood InstituteBethesda
  4. 4.Department of ZoologyOregon State UniversityCorvallis

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