Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 20, Issue 10, pp 2743–2749 | Cite as

Integumental slime and wax secretion: Defensive adaptations of sawfly larvae

  • Thomas Eisner


Evidence is presented from predation tests with ants (Formica exsectoides) that the slimy coating ofCaliroa cerasi and the waxy investiture ofEriocampa ovata serve in defense.

Key Words

Hymenoptera Symphyta Tenthredinidae predation chemical defense ants Formicidae 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Codella, G.S., andRaffa, K.F. 1993. Defense strategies of foliforous sawflies. Pages 261–294,in M.R. Wagner and K.F. Raffa (eds.). Sawfly Life History Adaptations to Woody Plants. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  2. Eisner, T. 1970. Chemical defense against predation in arthropods, pp. 157–217,in E. Sondheimer and J.B. Simeone (eds.). Chemical Ecology. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  3. Eisner, T., Alsop, R., andEttershank, G. 1964. Adhesiveness of spider silk.Science 146:1058–1061.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Eisner, T., Hicks, K., Eisner, M., andRobson, D.S. 1978. “Wolf-in-sheep's clothing” strategy of a predaceous insect larva.Science 199:790–794.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Epstein, M., Smedley, S.R., andEisner, T. 1994. Sticky integumental coating of a dalcerid caterpillar: a deterrent to ants?J. Lepid. Soc. In press.Google Scholar
  6. Jones, T.H., Conner, W.E., Meinwald, J., Eisner, H.E., andEisner, T. 1976. Benzoyl cyanide and mandelonitrile in the cyanogentic secretion of a centipede.J. Chem. Ecol. 2:421–429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. LaMunyon, C.R., andEisner, T. 1990. Effect of mite infestation on the antipredator defenses of an insect.Psyche 97:31–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Nutting, W.L., andSpangler, H.G. 1969. The hastate setae of certain dermestid larvae: an entangling defense mechanism.Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 62:763–769.Google Scholar
  9. Percy, J.E., Blomquist, G.J., andMacDonald, J.A. 1983. The wax-secreting glands ofEriocampa ovata (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae): Ultrastructural observations and chemical composition of the wax.Can. J. Zool. 61:1797–1804.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Plattner, H., Salpeter, M., Carrel, J.E., andEisner, T. 1972. Struktur und Funktion des Drüsenepithels der postabdominalen Tergite vonBlatta orientalis.Z. Zellforsch. 125:45–87.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Wagner, M.R., andRaffa, K.F. (eds.). 1993. Sawfly Life History Adaptations to Woody Plants. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  12. Weber, H. 1930. Biologie der Hemipteren. Springer, Berlin.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Eisner
    • 1
  1. 1.Section of Neurobiology and BehaviorCornell UniversityIthaca

Personalised recommendations