Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 20, Issue 10, pp 2595–2609 | Cite as

Male lures for mediterranean fruitfly (Ceratitis capitata wied.): Structural analogs of α-copaene

  • R. A. Flath
  • R. T. Cunningham
  • T. R. Mon
  • J. O. John


Nine sesquiterpenes structurally related to the potent male Mediterranean fruit fly lure (+)-α-copaene were tested in a series of field bioassays to determine their male medfly attractiveness relative to one another and to (+)-α-copaene itself. This study was carried out to determine the relative importance of the various substructure components of the (+)-α-copaene molecule in eliciting an attractive response in the male fly. Tests indicated that any deviation from the three-dimensional structure of (+)-α-copaene leads to major losses in male fly attractancy. The tested analogs fell into two groups, based on their levels of attraction: (+)-α-ylangene, (+)-β-copaene, (+)-β-ylangene, and (-)-α-copaene were found to be somewhat attractive, although much less so than (+)-α-copaene, while (+)-cyclosativene, (+)-cyclocopacamphene, (+)-longicyclene, (+)-longipinene, and (-)-trans-α-bergamotene were not attractive.

Key Words

Attractants medfly Ceratitis capitata Diptera Tephritidae male lures α-copaene β-copaene α-ylangene β-ylangene cyclosativene cyclocopacamphene longicyclene longipinene trans-α-bergamotene Angelica seed oil Angelica archangelica enantiomers 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. A. Flath
    • 1
  • R. T. Cunningham
    • 2
  • T. R. Mon
    • 1
  • J. O. John
    • 1
  1. 1.USDA-ARSWestern Regional Research CenterAlbany
  2. 2.USDA-ARS Tropical Fruit and Vegetable LaboratoryHilo

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