Phoretic egg parasitoid,Telenomus euproctidis (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), uses sex pheromone of tussock mothEuproctis taiwana (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) as a kairomone
- 133 Downloads
The phoretic egg parasitoid,Telenomus euproctidis Wilcox (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) was found more frequently on virgin than on mated female moths ofEuproctis taiwana (Shiraki) (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae), when virgin and mated moths were exposed concurrently in the field for 24 hr. A synthetic component of the moth's sex pheromone. (Z)-16-methyl-9-heptadecenyl isobutyrate, attracted both the wasp,T. euproctidis, and maleE. taiwana. These findings suggest thatT. euproctidis uses the sex pheromone of the female moth,E. taiwana, as a kairomone to locate a host female moth and through her the host eggs.
Key WordsTelenomus euproctidis kairomone sex pheromone phoresy Euproctis taiwana
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Aldrich, J. R., Kochansky, J. P., andAbrams, C. B. 1984. Attractant for a beneficial insect and its parasitoids: pheromone of the predatory spined soldier bug,Podisus maculiventris (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae).Environ. Entomol. 13:1031–1036.Google Scholar
- Arakaki, N. 1990. Phorsey ofTelenomus sp. (Scelionidae: Hymenoptera), an egg parasitoid of the tussock mothEuproctis taiwana.J. Ethol. 8:1–3.Google Scholar
- Clausen, C. P. 1972. Entomophagous Insects. Hafner Publishing, New York, 688 pp.Google Scholar
- Nordlund, D. A., Lewis, W. J., andGueldner, R. C. 1983. Kairomones and their use for management of entomophagous insects XIV. Response ofTelenomus remus to abdominal tips ofSpodoptera frugiperda, (Z)-9-tetradecene-1-ol acetate, and (Z)-9-dodecene-1-ol acetate.J. Chem. Ecol. 9:695–701.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Turlings, T. C. J., Tumlinson, J. H., andLewis, W. J. 1990. Exploitation of herbivore-induced plant odors by host-seeking parasitic wasps.Science 250:1251–1253.Google Scholar