Advertisement

European Journal of Clinical Microbiology

, Volume 5, Issue 5, pp 487–491 | Cite as

Current controversies in the detection of septicemia

  • G. Pierce
  • P. R. Murray
Editorial

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Kreger, B. E., Craven, D. E., McCabe, W. R.: Gramnegative bacteremia. IV: Re-evaluation of clinical features and treatment in 612 patients. American Journal of Medicine 1980, 68: 345–354.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Weinstein, M. P., Murphy, J. R., Reller, L. B., Lichtenstein, K. A.: The clinical significance of positive blood cultures: a comprehensive analysis of 500 episodes of bacteremia and fungemia in adults. II: Clinical observations, with special reference to factors influencing prognosis. Reviews of Infectious Diseases 1983, 5: 54–70.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Reller, L. B., Murray, P. R., MacLowry, J. D.: Cumulative techniques and procedures in clinical microbiology. Blood culturesII. Cumitech 1A, American Society for Microbiology, Washington, DC, 1982.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Tilton, R. C.: The laboratory approach to the detection of bacteremia. Annual Reviews of Microbiology 1982, 36: 467–493.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Washington, J. A.: Blood cultures. Principles and Techniques. Mayo Clinic Proceedings 1975, 50: 91–98.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    DeLand, F. H., Wagner, H. N.: Early detection of bacterial growth, with carbon-14-labeled glucose. Radiology 1969, 92: 154–155.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Araj, G. F., Hopfer, R. L., Wenglar, M., Fainstein, V.: Value of terminal subcultures from negative blood culture bottles. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1981, 14: 589–590.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Brannon, P., Kiehn, T. E.: Large-scale clinical comparison of the lysis-centriguation and radiometric systems for blood culture. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1985, 22: 951–954.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jungkind, D., Millan, J., Allen, S., Dyke, J., Hill, E.: Clinical comparison of a new automated infrared blood culture system with the 460 system. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1986, 23: 262–266.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Smith, J. A., Roberts, F. J., Ngui-Yen, J.: Comparison of a radiometric and a broth-slide system for aerobic blood culture. Journals of Clinical Microbiology 1983, 18: 217–218.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bryan, L. E.: Comparison of a slide blood culture system with a supplemented peptone broth culture method. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1981, 14: 389–392.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Pfaller, M. A., Sibley, T. K., Westfall, L. M., Hoppe-Bauer, J. E., Keating, M. A., Murray, P. R.: Clinical laboratory comparison of a slide blood culture system with a conventional broth system. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1982, 16: 525–530.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Weinstein, M. P., Reller, L. B., Mirrett, S., Stratton, C. W., Reimer, L. G., Wang Wen-Lan, L.: Controlled evaluation of the agar-slide and radiometric blood culture systems for the detection of bacteremia and fungemia. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1986, 23: 221–225.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Henry, N. K., Grewell, C. M., McLimans, C. A., Washington, J. A.: Comparison of the Roche Septi-Chek blood culture bottle with a brain heart infusion biphasic medium bottle and with a tryptic soy broth bottle. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1984, 19: 315–317.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hawkins, B. L., Peterson, E. M., de la Maza, L. M.: Rapid detection of positive blood cultures. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1983, 716–718.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Weckbach, L. S., Staneck, J. L.: Performance characteristics of a commercially prepared biphasic blood culture bottle. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1986, 23: 700–703.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Dorn, G. L., Smith, K.: New centrifugation blood culture device. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1978, 7: 52–54.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Dorn, G. L., Land, G. A., Wilson, G. E.: Improved blood culture technique based on centrifugation: clinical evaluation. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1979, 9: 391–396.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kelly, M. T., Fojtasek, M. F., Abbott, T. M., Hale, D. C., Dizikes, J. R., Boshard, R., Buck, G. E., Martin, W. J., Matsen, J. M.: Clinical evaluation of a lysis-centrifugation technique for the detection of septicemia. Journal of the American Medical Association 1983, 16: 2185–2188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Henry, N. K., McLimans, C. A., Wright, A. J., Thompson, R. L., Wilson, W. R., Washington, J. A. II: Microbiological and clinical evaluation of the Isolator lysiscentrifugation blood culture tube. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1983, 17: 864–869.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Welch, D. F., Scribner, R. K., Hensel, D.: Evaluation of a lysis direct plating method for pediatric blood cultures. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1985, 21: 955–958.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Brannon, P., Kiehn, T. E.: Large-scale clinical comparison of the lysis-centrifugation and radiometric systems for blood culture. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1985, 22: 951–954.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Carey, R. B.: Clinical comparison of the Isolator 1.5 microbial tube and the radiometric system for detection of bacteremia in children. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1984, 19: 634–638.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    McLaughlin, J. C., Hamilton, P., Scholes, J. V., Bartlett, R. C.: Clinical laboratory comparison of lysis-centrifugation and radiometric blood culture techniques. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1983, 18: 1027–1031.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Henry, N. K., Grewell, C. M., Van Grevenhof, P. E., Ilstrup, D. M., Washington, J. A.: Comparison of lysiscentrifugation with a biphasic blood culture medium for the recovery of aerobic and facultatively anaerobic bacteria. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1984, 20: 413–416.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Bille, J., Edson, R. S., Roberts, G.D.: Clinical evaluation of the lysis-centrifugation blood culture system for the detection of fungemia and comparison with a conventional biphasic broth blood culture system. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1984, 19: 126–128.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Thomson, R. B., Vanzo, S. J., Henry, N. K., Guenther, K. L., Washington, J. A.: Contamination of cultures processed with the Isolator lysis-centrifugation blood culture tube. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1984, 19: 97–99.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Pierce, P. F., DeYoung, D. R., Roberts, G. D.: Mycobacteremia and the new blood culture systems. Annals of Internal Medicine 1983, 99: 786–789.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Gill, V. J., Park, C. H., Stock, F., Gosey, L. L., Witebsky, F. G., Masur, H.: Use of lysis-centrifugation (Isolator) and radiometric blood culture systems for the detection of mycobacteremia. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1985, 22: 543–546.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Whimbey, E., Wong, B., Kiehn, T. E., Armstrong, D.: Clinical correlations of serial quantitative blood cultures determined by lysis-centrifugation in patients with persistent septicemia. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1984, 30: 766–771.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Duff, G. W., Durum, S. K.: The pyrogenic and mitogenic actions of interleukin-1 are related. Nature 1983, 304: 449–451.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Atkins, E.: Fever: the old and the new. Journal of Infectious Diseases 1984, 149: 339–348.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    McCabe, W. R., Treadwell, T. L., De Maria, A.: Pathophysiology of bacteremia. American Journal of Medicine 1983, 75: 7–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Weiss, H., Ottenberg, R.: Relation between bacteria and temperature in subacute bacterial endocarditis. Journal of Infectious Diseases 1982, 50: 61–68.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Kreger, B. E., Craven, D. E., Carling, P. C., McCabe, W. R.: Gram-negative bacteremia. III: Reassessment of etiology, epidemiology and ecology in 612 patients. American Journal of Medicine 1980, 68: 332.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Ilstrup, D. M., Washington, J. A.: The importance of volume of blood cultured in the detection of bacteremia and fungemia. Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 1983, 1: 107–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Plorde, J. J., Tenover, F. C., Carlson, L. G.: Specimen volume versus yield in the blood culture system. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1985, 22: 292–295.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Weinstein, M. P., Reller, L. B., Murphy, J. R., Lichtenstein, K. A.: The clinical significance of positive blood cultures: a comprehensive analysis of 500 episodes of bacteremia and fungemia in adults. I: Laboratory and epidemiologic observations. Reviews of Infectious Diseases 1983, 5: 35–53.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Young, L. S., Martin, W. J., Meyer, R. D., Weinstein, R. J., Anderson, E. T.: Gram-negative rod bacteremia: microbiologic, immunologic, and therapeutic considerations. Annals of Internal Medicine 1977, 86: 456–471.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Sullivan, T. D., LaScolea, L. J., Neter, E.: Relationship between the magnitude of bacteremia in children and the clinical disease. Pediatrics 1982, 69: 699–702.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Durbin, W. A., Szymczak, E. G., Goldmann, D. A.: Quantitative blood cultures in childhood bacteremia. Journal of Pediatrics 1978, 92: 778–780.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Teele, D. W., Marshall, R., Klein, J. O.: Unsuspected bacteremia in young children. Pediatric Clinics of North America 1979, 26: 773–784.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    MacLowry, J. D.: Clinical microbiology of bacteremia. an overview. American Journal of Medicine 1983, 75: 2–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Welch, W. D., Porschen, R. K., Zarifi, S. Z.: Variability in CO2, O2 and pH levels in blood culture bottles from five different manufacturers. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1984, 20: 881–883.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Krogstad, D. J., Murray, P. R., Granich, G. G., Niles, A. C., Ladenson, J. H., Davis, J. E.: Sodium polyanethol sulfonate inactivation of aminoglycosides. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 1981, 20: 272–274.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Murray, P. R., Niles, A. C.: Inactivation of penicillins by thiol broth. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1982, 16: 982–984.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    McGuire, N. M., Kauffman, C. A., Hertz, C. S., Kovach, J. M.: Evaluation of the antimicrobial removal system for detection of bacteremia. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1983, 18: 449–451.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Appelbaum, P. C., Beckwith, D. G., Dipersio, J. R., Dyke, J. W., Salventi, F., Stone, L. L.: Enhanced detection of bacteremia with a new resin blood culture medium. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1983, 17: 48–51.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Hansen, S. L., Hetmanski, J., Stewart, B. J.: Resinprocess methods for improved isolation of organisms from blood and other body fluids. American journal of Medicine 1983, 75: 31–36.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Hopfer, R. L., Moore, D. G., Fainstein, V., Watkins, S., Wenglar, M.: Routine use of 16B bottles to remove antibacterial and antitumor agents from blood cultures of cancer patients. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1983, 18: 759–764.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Doern, G. V., Gantz, N. M.: Detection of bacteremia in patients receiving antimicrobial therapy: an evaluation of the antimicrobial removal device and 16B medium. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1983, 18: 43–48.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Smith, S. M., Eng, R. H. K.: Effectiveness of antibiotic removal by the antibiotic-binding blood culture systems. Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease 1985, 3: 201–212.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Rodriguez, F., Lorian, V.: Antibacterial activity in blood cultures. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1985, 21: 262–263.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Wright, A. J., Thompson, R. L., McLimans, C. A., Wilson, W. R., Washington, J. A.: The antimicrobial removal device: a microbiological and clinical evaluation. American Journal of Clinical Pathology 1982, 78: 173–177.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Murray, P. R.: Determination of the optimum incubation period of blood culture broths for the detection of clinically significant septicemia. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1985, 21: 481–485.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Harkness, J. L., Hall, M., Ilstrup, D. M., Washington, J. A.: Effects of atmosphere of incubation and of routine subcultures on detection of bacteremia in vacuum blood culture bottles. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1975, 2: 296–299.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Campbell, J., Washington, J. A.: Evaluation of the necessity for routine terminal subcultures of previously negative blood cultures. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1980, 12: 576–578.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Hansen, S. L., Hetmanski, J.: Enhanced detection of polymicrobic bacteremia by repeat subculture of previously positive blood cultures. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1983, 18: 208–210.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    McCarthy, L. R., Senne, J. E.: Evaluation of acridine orange stain for detection of microorganisms in blood cultures. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1980, 11: 281–285.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Mascart, G., Bertrand, F., Mascart, P.: Comparative study of subculture, gram staining and acridine orange staining for early detection of positive blood cultures. Journal of Clinical Pathology 1983, 36: 595–597.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Tierney, B. M., Henry, N. K., Washington, J. A.: Early detection of positive blood cultures by the acridine orange staining technique. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1983, 18: 830–833.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Burdash, N. M., Manos, J. P., Bannister, E. R., Welborn, A. L.: Acridine orange staining and radiometric detection of microorganisms in blood cultures. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1983, 17: 463–465.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlagsgesellschaft mbH 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Pierce
    • 1
  • P. R. Murray
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Laboratory MedicineWashington University School of MedicineSt. LouisUSA

Personalised recommendations