, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 161–176

An indicator of cross-disciplinary research

  • A. L. Porter
  • D. E. Chubin

DOI: 10.1007/BF02016934

Cite this article as:
Porter, A.L. & Chubin, D.E. Scientometrics (1985) 8: 161. doi:10.1007/BF02016934


Study of interdisciplinary research processes and performance is hampered by a lack of data. This project investigated possible indicators based in the open scientific literature to measure such processes. Focusing on theJournal Citation Reports as a suitable data base, alternative indicators were validated on a sample of 383 articles drawn from 19 journals. The results support the use ofCitations Outside Category as an indicator of cross-disciplinary research activity. An estimated version of this indicator is used to examine three research categories — Demography, Operations Research/Management Science, and Toxicology — as to the extent of cross-disciplinary citation occurring by the journals in these categories and to them. Results suggest thatCitations Outside Category can be a quite informative bibliometric measure. A key substantive finding is that citation across broad field categories (engineering, life sciences, physical sciences, and social sciences) is extremely infrequent.

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. L. Porter
    • 1
  • D. E. Chubin
    • 1
  1. 1.Technology and Science Policy ProgramGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlanta(USA)

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