, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 9–34 | Cite as

Measuring the growth of science

A review of indicators of scientific growth
  • G. Nigel Gilbert


A number of indicators of the growth of science are critically reviewed to asses their strengths and weaknesses. The focus is on the problems involved in measuring two aspects of scientific growth, growth in manpower and growth in knowledge. It is shown that the design of better indicators depends on careful consideration of the theoretical framework within which the indicators are intended to be used. Recent advances in the sociology of science suggest ways in which the validity of existing indicators may be assessed and improved.


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Notes and references

  1. 1.
    My discussion of indicators in sociology here has been much influenced by the views of H. M. BLALOCK as set out in his paper, The Measurement Problem, inMethodology in Social Research, H. M. BLALOCK and A. B. BLALOCK (Eds), McGraw-Hill, New York, 1971, 5–27.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Nigel Gilbert
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SociologyUniversity of SurreyGuilford(England)

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