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Microbial Ecology

, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp 111–118 | Cite as

Water relations and photosynthesis in the cryptoendolithic microbial habitat of hot and cold deserts

  • Robert J. PalmerJr.
  • E. Imre Friedmann
Article

Abstract

Two cryptoendolithic microbial communities, lichens in the Ross Desert of Antarctica and cyanobacteria in the Negev Desert, inhabit porous sandstone rocks of similar physical structure. Both rock types adsorb water vapor by physical mechanisms unrelated to biological processes. Yet the two microbial communities respond differently to water stress: cryp-toendolithic lichens begin to photosynthesize at a matric water potential of −46.4 megaPascals (MPa) [70% relative humidity (RH) at 8°C], resembling thallose desert lichens. Cryptoendolithic cyanobacteria, like other prokaryotes, photosynthesize only at very high matric water potentials [> −6.9 MPa, 90% RH at 20°C].

Keywords

Relative Humidity Sandstone Water Vapor Microbial Community Photosynthesis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert J. PalmerJr.
    • 1
  • E. Imre Friedmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Polar Desert Research Center and Department of Biological ScienceFlorida State UniversityTallahasseeUSA

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