Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 24, Issue 8, pp 611–612 | Cite as

Cerebral infarction in pediatric acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

  • D. M. Moriarty
  • J. O. Haller
  • J. P. Loh
  • S. Fikrig
HIV Case Book

Abstract

Cerebral infarction is an uncommon complication of AIDS in pediatric patients. We have seen three HIV-infected children who developed acute neurological deficits due to stroke. Cerebral infarction must be considered in the work-up of a child with AIDS who presents with focal neurological deficit, seizure or mental status change.

Stroke is a complication of HIV infection that occurs in approximately 1% of affected children [1]. At autopsy, evidence of cerebral infarction was documented in 10–30% of children with HIV infection [2]. We have seen three children with focal infarction who are HIV positive.

References

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    Kieburtz KD, Eskin TA (1993) Opportunistic cerebral vasculopathy and stroke in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Arch Neurol 50: 430–432PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Park YD, Belman AL (1990) Stroke in pediatric acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Arch Neurol 28: 303–311Google Scholar
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    Engstrom J, Lowenstein DH (1988) Cerebral infarctions and transient neurologic deficits associated with AIDS. Neurology 38: 241PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Behman AL, Diamond G, Dickson D (1988) Pediatric acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, neurologic syndromes. Am J Dis Child 142: 29–35PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Joshi VV, Power B (1987) Arteriopathy in children with acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Pediatr Pathol 261–275Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. M. Moriarty
    • 1
  • J. O. Haller
    • 1
  • J. P. Loh
    • 1
  • S. Fikrig
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of RadiologySUNY/Health Science Center at BrooklynBrooklynUSA
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsSUNY/Health Science Center at BrooklynBrooklynUSA

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