Micturition habits and incontinence in 7-year-old Swedish school entrants
- 163 Downloads
The prevalence of incontinence in children has been extensively studied, but knowledge of other bladder symptoms is lacking in a healthy child population. The micturition habits of 3556 7-year-old school entrants were surveyed by a questionnaire supplemented by telephone interviews. One or more symptoms of a disturbed bladder function was reported in 26%, but most of these had moderate urgency as a sign of incomplete voluntary bladder control. Isolated bedwetting occurred in 2.8% of the girls and 7.0% of the boys, whereas nocturnal incontinence combined with daytime wetting was equally common in both sexes, 2.3% and 2.0% respectively. Diurnal incontinence was reported in 6.0% of the girls and 3.8% of the boys and was usually combined with other symptoms. The frequency of micturition in children without symptoms of bladder disturbance and with no previous urinary tract infection was 3–7 times per day.
Key wordsChild Bladder Urinary incontinence
urinary tract infection
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 2.De Jonge GA (1973) Epidemiology of enuresis: a survey of the literature. In: Kolvin I, MacKeith RC, Meadow SR (eds) Bladder control and enuresis Heinemann, London, pp 39–46Google Scholar
- 8.Hellström A, Hjälmås K, Jodal U (1988) Terodiline in the treatment of children with unstable bladders. Br J Urol 63:358–362Google Scholar
- 10.Klackenberg G (1955) Primary enuresis: when is a child dry at night? Acta Paediatr Scand 44:513–518Google Scholar
- 11.Koff S, Lapides J, Piazza D (1979) The unhibited bladder in children: a cause for urinary obstruction, infection and reflux. In: Hodson J, Kincaid-Smith P (eds) Reflux nephropathy. Masson, New York, pp 161–170Google Scholar
- 12.Larsson G, Victor A (1988) Micturition patterns in healthy female population, studied with a frequency/volume chart. Scand J Urol Nephrol [Suppl] 114:53–57Google Scholar
- 13.Meadow R (1970) Childhood enuresis. Br Med J 26:787–789Google Scholar