The Journal of Membrane Biology

, Volume 61, Issue 2, pp 91–96

Action of caerulein, gastrin 17, pentagastrin, and secretin on the active transport of sodium by the frog skin

  • J. R. Greenwell
  • H. S. Low
Articles

Summary

Frog skin was mounted in an Ussing chamber and the actions of caerulein, gastrin, pentagastrin, and secretin on the active transport of sodium were studied using the short-circuit current method. All polypeptides exerted their effect when placed in the solution bathing the outside surface of the skin. The response was a transient dose-related increase in the transepithelial electrical potential difference and in the short-circuit current. Analysis of the response indicated that at submaximal doses the effect was due to an increase in the rate of entry of sodium through the outer barrier to active sodium transport. At supramaximal doses the passive permeability of the skin was also increased. Th ED50 concentrations of the hormones were: caerulein, 50pm; gastrin, 53pm; pentagastrin, 440pm; and secretin, 30pm. It is argued that the large quantity of caerulein or caerulein-like peptides stored in the skin may be required either to control the entry of sodium when the amphibian is undergoing maximum stress in a freshwater environment, or that it may have a protective function for the amphibian as it could elicit a noxious hypersecretion in the gastrointestinal tract of the predator together with a marked hypotension.

Key words

Frog skin caerulein gastrin pentagastrin secretin transport 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. R. Greenwell
    • 1
  • H. S. Low
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physiology, The Medical SchoolUniversity of Newcastle upon TyneEngland

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