Advertisement

Experientia

, Volume 36, Issue 1, pp 11–13 | Cite as

Sleep and body restitution

  • J. A. Horne
Generalia

Summary

Although human non-REM sleep is usually associated with body restitution, such an hypothesis is debatable. This sleep, like REM sleep, may have a beneficial role for the brain. Because man demonstrates relaxed wakefulness, body restitution may not be confined to human sleep. However, for active mammals, sleep may be an enforced immobiliser facilitating this restitution.

Keywords

Beneficial Role Human Sleep Active Mammal 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    R. T. Wilkinson, in: Physiology of Survival, p. 399. Ed. O.G. Edholm and A. L. Bacharach. Academic Press, 1966.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. A. Horne, Biol. Psychol.7, 55 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    L. Karacan, A. L. Rosenbloom, J. H. Londono, R. L. Williams and P. J. Salis, Behav. Neuropsychiat.6, 67 (1974).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. Vigneri, V., Pezzino, S. Squatrito, S. Squatrito, A. Colandra and M. Maricchiolo, Neuroendocrinology14, 356 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    R. Schilkrut, O. Chandra, M. Osswald, E. Ruther, B. Baartüssar and N. Mattussek, Neuropsychobiology1, 70 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    W. C. Orr, G. W. Vogel, M. L. Stahl, W. J. Griffiths and J. R. Seely, Neuroendocrinology24, 347 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    C. Lucke, B. Höffken and A. von zur Mühlen, Acta encodr.82, 400 (1976).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    D. C. Parker and L. G. Rossman, J. clin. Endocr.32, 65 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. L. Kostyo and D.F. Nutting, in: Am. physiol. Soc. Handbook of Physiology, vol. 7, p. 187. 1974.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    W. M. Hunter, Proc. Nutr. Soc.31, 199 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    H-J. Quabbe, Chronobiologica4, 217 (1977).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    K. Adam and I. Oswald, J. R. Col. Physicians11, 376 (1977).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. C. Waterlow, P. J. Garlick and D. J. Millward, Protein Turnover in Mammalian Tissues and in Whole Body. Elsevier, Amsterdam 1978.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    R. D. Feigin, A. S. Klainer and W. R. Beisel, Nature215, 512 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    P. J. Garlick, G. A. Clugston, R. W. Swick, I. H. Meinertzhagen and J. C. Waterlow, Proc. Nutr. Soc.37, 33A (1978).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    M. H. N. Golden and J. C. Waterlow, Clin. Sci. molec Med.53, 277 (1977).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    V. R. Young, W. P. Steffee, P. B. Pencharz, J. G. Winterer and N. S. Scrimshaw, Nature 253, 192 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    P. Webb and M. Hiestand, J. appl. Physiol.38, 257, (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    A. Jacobson, A. Kales, D. Lehmann and F. S. Hoedemaker, Exp. Neurol.10, 418 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    L. E. Sheving, Anat. Rec.135, 7 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    L. B. Fisher, Br. J. Derm.80, 75 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    E. D. Weitzman, A. Rev. Med.27, 225 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    F. Halberg and C. P. Barmum, Am. J. Physiol.201, 227 (1961).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    R. H. Clark and D. R. Korst, Science166, 236 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    L. Garma and R. Verley, Revue Neuropsychiat. infant.17, 487 (1969).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    A. Borbély, Prog. Neurobiol.10, 1 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    F. Baekeland and R. Lasky, Percept. Mot. Skills23, 1203 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    L. Adamson, W. M. Hunter O. O. Ogunremi, I. Oswald and I. W. Percy-Robb, J. Endocr.62, 473 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    L. M. Zir, R. A. Smith and D. C. Parker, J. clin. Endocr.32, 662 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    J. A. Horne and J. M. Porter, Nature256, 573 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    J. M. Walker, T. C. Floyd, G. Fein, C. Caveness, R. Lualhati and I. Feinberg, J. appl. Physiol.44, 945 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    C. M. Shapiro, R. D. Griesel, P. R. Bartel and P. L. Jooste, J. appl. Physiol.37, 187 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    U. M. MacFadyen, I. Oswald and S. A. Lewis, J. appl. Physiol.35, 391 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    P. T. S. Putkonen, E. Elomaa and P. V. Kotilainen, Scand. J. clin. Lab. Invest. suppl. 130, 19 (1973).Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    D. L. F. Dunleavy, I. Oswald, P. Brown and J. A. Strong, Electroenceph. clin. Neurophysiol.36, 259 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    R. S. Ryback and O. F. Lewis, Electroenceph. clin. Neurophysiol.31, 395 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    W. R. Adey E. Bors and R. W. Porter, Arch. Neurol19, 377 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    A. Kales, J. clin. Endocr.27, 1593 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    J. A. Horne, Biol. Psychol.4, 107 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    W. C. Dement and S. C. Greenberg, Electroenceph. clin. Neurophysiol.20, 523 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    W. B. Webb and H. Agnew, Psychophysiology11, 265 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    H. S. Jones and I. Oswald, Electroenceph. clin. Neurophysiol.24, 378 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    R. Meddis, A. J. D. Pearson and G. Langford, Electroenceph. clin. Neurophysiol.35, 391 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    H. Agnew, W. B. Webb and H. L. Williams, Percept. Mot. Skills24, 851 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    H. Agnew and W. B. Webb, Bull. Psychonom. Sci.2, 131, (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    W. B. Webb and H. Agnew, Science174, 1354 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    E. Balzamo, R. J. Bradley and J. M. Rhodes, Electroenceph. clin. Neurophysiol.33, 47 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    O.D. Creutzfeldt, in: Brain Work, p. 21. Ed. D. H. Ingvar and M.A. Lassen. Munksgaard, 1975.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    J. A. Hobson and R. W. McCarley, Electroenceph. clin. Neurophysiol.30, 97 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    S. Sato, F. E. Dreifuss and J. K. Penry, Electroenceph. clin. Neurophysiol.39, 479 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    R. L. Williams, I. Karacan and C. J. Hursch, Electroencephalography (EEG) of Human Sleep: Clinical Applications. Wiley, 1974.Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    H. Laborit, Res. Commun. chem. Path. Pharmac.3, 349 (1972).Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    J. A. Horne and B. Walmsley, Psychophysiology13, 115 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. A. Horne
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Human SciencesLoughborough UniversityLoughboroughEngland

Personalised recommendations