Advertisement

International Journal of Salt Lake Research

, Volume 4, Issue 3, pp 251–263 | Cite as

The salinity tolerance of benthic invertebrates of the Aral Sea

  • A. A. Filippov
  • A. Yu. Komendantov
Article

Abstract

Experiments to determine the upper limits of potential salinity tolerance of four species of Aral Sea benthic macroinvertebrates were carried out. Invertebrates of marine origin tolerate salinity increases up to 70–90 g L−1, and the gastropodCaspiohydrobia, up to 100–110 g L−1. It was concluded that the ‘express-method’ based on the estimation of salinity resistance of isolated tissues cannot be used to estimate the limits of tolerance. The prediction is made that bivalve molluscs and polychaetes will remain in the Aral Sea until the salinity increases to 60–70 g L−1, but perhaps gastropods will tolerate salinity increases to 100–110 g L−1.

Key words

Aral Sea salinity tolerance zoobenthos 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aladin, N.V. and Kotov, S.V. 1989. The Aral Sea ecosystem original state and its changing on anthropogenous influence. In: N.V. Aladin and V.V. Khlebovich (Eds) Proceedings of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences 199: 4–24. Zoological Institute, St. Petersburg [in Russian].Google Scholar
  2. Andreev, N.I. and Andreeva, S.I. 1983. Survival of mollusk Abra ovata (Phil.) in the Aral Sea water of various salinity. In: Biological principles of fishery in water bodies of Central Asia and Kazakhstan. pp. 47–48. Fan, Tashkent [in Russian].Google Scholar
  3. Andreev, N.I. and Andreeva, S.I. 1990. Salinity resistance of some mass invertebrates of the Aral Sea. In: N.V. Aladin and L.A. Kuznetsov (Eds) Proceedings of the Zoological Institute USSR Academy of Sciences 223: 85–104. Zoological Institute, St. Petersburg [in Russian].Google Scholar
  4. Behning, A.L. 1937. About the benthos of the Bays of Komsomolec and Kaidak. Trudy Kaspiyskoi Komissii 1 (1): 155–182 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  5. Bekmurzaev, B. 1969. Distribution and survival ofParamysis intermedia on the Aral Sea South in the water of various salinity. Hydrobiologicheskiy Zhurnal 5 (5): 116–117 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  6. Bekmurzaev, B. 1970. Distribution, survival and oxygen consumption of some invertebrates of the Aral Sea South in the water of various salinity. Trudy VNIRO 76 (3): 185–191 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  7. Bekmurzaev, B. 1971. Bottom invertebrates of the inshore part of Aral Sea South and the impact of the environment. Abstract of PhD Thesis, Moscow, 21 pp. [in Russian].Google Scholar
  8. Berger, V.Ya. 1986. Adaptations of marine molluscs to the changes of environmental salinity. Nauka, Leningrad, 214 pp. [in Russian].Google Scholar
  9. Bortnik, V.N. and Chistyaeva S.P. (Eds) 1990. The Aral Sea. In: F.S. Terziev (Ed.) Hydrometeorology and Hydrochemistry of the Seas of the USSR. 7, Hydrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 196 pp. [in Russian].Google Scholar
  10. Dajoz, R., 1972. Precis d'Ecologie. Paris.Google Scholar
  11. Filippov, A.A., 1995. Macrozoobenthos of inshore zone of the Aral Sea North in modern polyhaline conditions: composition, abundance and spatial distribution. In: A.F. Alimov and N.V. Aladin (Eds) Proceedings of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences 262(1): 103–167. Zoological Institute, St. Petersburg [in Russian].Google Scholar
  12. Hammer, T. 1986. Saline Lake Ecosystems of the World. Dr W Junk, Dordrecht, 616 pp.Google Scholar
  13. Hedgpeth, J.W. 1959. Some preliminary considerations of the biology of inland mineral waters. Archivio oceanogr. e limnol. (Venezia) 11 (Suppl): 111–141.Google Scholar
  14. Hedgpeth, J.W. 1967. Ecological aspects of Laguna Madre, a hypersaline estuary. Estuaries 83, pp. 408–419, Washington.Google Scholar
  15. Karpevich, A.F. 1947. Prerequisites to the acclimatization of new species in the Aral Sea. Doklady VNIRO 6: 13–17 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  16. Karpevich, A.F. 1953a. Relation of the north Caspian and Aral bivalve molluscs to the changing of environmental salinity. Abstract of DSci Thesis, Moscow, 20 pp. [in Russian].Google Scholar
  17. Karpevich, A.F. 1953b. Food base of the South Seas after the rivers flow regulation. Trudy soveschania ichtiologicheskoy komissii Akademii Nauk SSSR 1: 124–150 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  18. Khlebovich, V.V. 1962. Peculiarities of the aquatic fauna composition in relation to the salinity of the medium. Zhurnal obschei biologii 23 (2): 90–97 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  19. Khlebovich, V.V. and Kondratenkov, A.P. 1971. Potential euryhalinity of White Sea molluscHydrobia ulvae. In: Molluscs. Ways, Methods and Results of Their Exploration, pp. 37–38, Nauka, Leningrad [in Russian].Google Scholar
  20. Khlebovich, V.V. and Kondratenkov, A.P. 1973. Stepwise acclimation—a method for estimating the potential euryhalinity of the gastropodHydrobia ulvae. Marine Biology 18 (1): 6–8.Google Scholar
  21. Khusainova, N.Z. 1958. Biological peculiarities of some mass food invertebrates of the Aral Sea. Kazakh State University, Alma-Ata, 116 pp. [in Russian].Google Scholar
  22. Kinne, O. 1971. Salinity — Invertebrates. In: Marine Ecology 1, Part 2, pp. 821–995. Wiley-Interscience, London.Google Scholar
  23. Orlova, M.I., 1990. Ecology of estuarine bivalve molluscs of Yuzhnoe Primorie. Abstract of PhD Thesis, Leningrad, 22 pp. [in Russian].Google Scholar
  24. Shlakhter, T.A. 1968. The impact of the increased salinity on the functional activity of ciliated epithelium cells of mussels and Unio gills. Abstract of PhD Thesis, Leningrad, 18 pp. [in Russian].Google Scholar
  25. Theede, H. and Lassig, J. 1967. Comparative studies on cellular resistance of bivalves from marine and brackish waters. Helgolander wiss. Meeresunters 16: 119–129.Google Scholar
  26. Timms, B.V., Hammer, U.T. and Sheard, J.W. 1986. A study of benthic communities in some saline lakes in Saskatchewan and Alberta, Canada. Internationale Revue gesamten Hydrobiologie 71 (6): 759–779.Google Scholar
  27. Tseeb, Ya.Ya. 1961. On the classification of brackish and saline waterbodies of The Crimea and characteristic of their fauna. In: G.V. Lopatin (Ed.) Small Waterbodies of Valley Counties of USSR and their Employment, pp. 293–305. Academy of Sciences Press, Moscow-Leningrad [in Russian].Google Scholar
  28. Tseeb, Ya.Ya. 1982. The state of explorations of rivers, waterbodies and bays biocenosis of Northwest Prichernomorie. In: XX International Conference on the Exploration of River Dunai, pp. 6–20, Kiev [in Russian].Google Scholar
  29. Vorobiov, V.P. 1940. Hydrobiological description of the East Sivash and possibility of its fishery employment. Trudy AzCherNIRO 12 (1): 69–163 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  30. Yaroslavtseva, L.M. 1976. Salinity resistance of some molluscs cells and influence on it of the osmotic pressure of salt solution. Biologiya morya 1: 36–40 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  31. Yaroslavtseva, L.M., Pavlenko, V.A. and Fedoseeva, S.V. 1981. About the relation of cell resistance to the dilution and ability to the salinity acclimation of some marine molluscs. Biologiya morya 1: 54–60 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  32. Zhirmunskiy, A.V. 1962. Response of ciliated epithelium cells of mussels and actinia on the salinity increase. Zhurnal obschei biologii 2: 119–126 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  33. Zhirmunskiy, A.V. and Vinogradova, N.A. 1965. Temperature resistance of cells of some White Sea molluscs in relation to vertical zonation and zoogeographical origin. Molluski 2, pp. 27–38. Nauka, Moscow-Leningrad [in Russian].Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. A. Filippov
    • 1
  • A. Yu. Komendantov
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Aral Sea BiologyZoological Institute of the Russian Academy of SciencesSt PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Department of Marine BiologyZoological Institute of the Russian Academy of SciencesSt PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations