Journal of Insect Behavior

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 279–288 | Cite as

The effects of acclimation and rearing conditions on the response of tropical and temperate populations ofDrosophila melanogaster andD. simulans to a temperature gradient (Diptera: Drosophilidae)

  • Branka Krstevska
  • Ary A. Hoffmann
Article

Abstract

The effects of rearing and acclimation on the response of adultDrosophila to temperature were investigated in a gradient.D. melanogaster flies preferred a higher mean temperature and were distributed over a wider range of temperatures thanD. simulans flies. Acclimating adults at different temperatures for a week did not influence the response of either species. Adults reared at 28°C as immatures had a lower mean preference than those reared at cooler temperatures, suggesting that flies compensated for the effects of rearing conditions. Adults from tropical and temperate populations ofD. melanogaster andD. simulans did not differ in the mean temperature they preferred in a gradient, suggesting little genetic divergence for this trait within species. The species differences and environmental responses may be related to changes in optimal physiological conditions for the flies.

Key words

temperature preference Drosophila acclimation compensation 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Burnell, A. M., Reaper, C., and Doherty, J. (1991). The effect of acclimation temperature on enzyme activity inDrosophila melanogaster.Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 98B 609–614.Google Scholar
  2. Cohet, Y., Vouidibio, J., and David, J. R. (1980). Thermal tolerance and geographic distribution: A comparison of cosmopolitan and tropical endemicDrosophila species.J. Therm. Biol. 5 69–74.Google Scholar
  3. Crill, W. D. and Huey, R. B. (1994). Within and cross-generational effects of temperature on the physiology and morphology ofDrosophila melanogaster. Animal Behaviour (in press).Google Scholar
  4. David, J. R., Allemand, R., Van Herrewege, J., and Cohet, Y. (1983). Ecophysiology: Abiotic factors. In: Ashburner, M., Carson, H. L., and Thompson, J. N. (eds.),The Genetics and Biology of Drosophila 3d, Academic Press, London, pp. 105–170.Google Scholar
  5. Fogleman, J. C. (1979). Oviposition site preference for substrate temperature inDrosophila melanogaster.Behav. Genet. 9 407–411.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Good, D. S. (1993). Evolution of behaviours inDrosophila melanogaster in high temperatures: Genetic and environmental effects.J. Insect Physiol. 39 537–544.Google Scholar
  7. Hochachka, P. W., and Somero, G. N. (1984).Biochemical Adaptation, Saunders, Philadelphia.Google Scholar
  8. Hoffmann, A. A., and Watson, M. (1993). Geographic variation in the acclimation responses ofDrosophila to temperature extremes.Am. Nat. 142 S93-S113.Google Scholar
  9. Jones, J. S., Coyne, J. A., and Partridge, L. (1989). Estimation of the thermal niche ofDrosophila melanogaster using a temperature-sensitive mutation.Am. Nat. 130 83–90.Google Scholar
  10. Levins, R. (1969). Thermal acclimation and heat resistance inDrosophila species.Am. Nat. 103 483–499.Google Scholar
  11. Parsons, P. A. (1978). Habitat selection and evolutionary strategies inDrosophila: An invited address.Behav. Genet. 8 511–526.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Parsons, P. A. (1980). Adaptive strategies in natural populations ofDrosophila.Theor. Appl. Genet. 57 257–266.Google Scholar
  13. Pertunnen, J. T., and Salmi, H. (1956). The responses ofDrosophila melanogaster (Dipt. Drosophilidae) to the relative humidity of the air.Suom. hyont. Aikak. 22 63–71.Google Scholar
  14. Prince, P. J., and Parsons, P. A. (1977). Adaptive behaviour ofDrosophila adults in relation to temperature and humidity.Aust. J. Zool. 25 285–290.Google Scholar
  15. Stanley, S. M., Parsons, P. A., Spence, G. E., and Weber, L. (1980). Resistance of species of theDrosophila melanogaster subgroup to environmental extremes.Aust. J. Zool. 28 413–421.Google Scholar
  16. Tantawy, A. O., and Mallah, G. S. (1961). Studies on natural populations ofDrosophila. I. Heat resistance and geographical variation inDrosophila melanogaster andD. simulans.Evolution 15 1–14.Google Scholar
  17. Zar, J. H. (1984).Biostatistical Analysis, 2nd ed., Prentice-Hall Englewood Cliffs, NJ.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Branka Krstevska
    • 1
  • Ary A. Hoffmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Genetics and Human VariationLa Trobe UniversityBundooraAustralia

Personalised recommendations