Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen

, Volume 40, Issue 1–2, pp 91–149 | Cite as

Zur Biogeographie des Südwestatlantik mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Seeanemonen (Coelenterata: Actiniaria)

  • Karin Riemann-Zürneck

On the biogeography of the southwest Atlantic with special reference to the sea anemones (Coelenterata: Actiniaria)

Abstract

Extensive sampling of benthos by F.R.V. “Walther Herwig” (1966, 1970/71, 1978) covering the continental shelf of Argentina yielded some 1000 sea anemone specimens (19 species). The distribution patterns of the sublittoral and archibenthal species are analysed and compared with the rather scanty and controversial hydrographical information available. Species with discontinuous distribution along the continental shelf edge are believed to indicate discontinuous yet relatively stable oceanographic conditions within the depth concerned. The archibenthal “Challenger Terrace”, located immediately near and beneath the subtropical convergence, harbours a peculiar faunal assemblage of partly subantarctic/antarctic character and partly consisting of species which seem to be typical for permanent hydrographic fronts. In addition, the study includes a new taxonomic combination:Bolocera tuediae subsp.kerguelensis (Studer, 1879) nov. comb.

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Copyright information

© Biologische Anstalt Helgoland 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karin Riemann-Zürneck
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Biologische Anstalt HelgolandHamburg 52
  2. 2.Alfred-Wegener-Institut für Polar- und MeeresforschungBremerhavenBundesrepublik Deutschland

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