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Experientia

, Volume 45, Issue 9, pp 839–845 | Cite as

Genetic control of hippocampal cholinergic and dynorphinergic mechanisms regulating novelty-induced exploratory behavior in house mice

  • J. H. F. van Abeelen
Multi-author Review

Summary

Neurobehavioral genetics endeavors to trace the pathways from genetic and eenvironmental determinants to neuroanatomical and neurophysiological systems and, thence, to behavior. Exploiting genetic variation as a tool, the behavioral sequelae of manipulating these neuronal systems by drugs and antisera are analyzed. Apart from research in rats, this paper deals mainly with the genetically-influenced regulation in mice of exploratory behaviors that are adaptive in novel surroundings and are hippocampally-mediated. Special attention is paid to neuropeptidergic, GABAergic, and cholinergic synaptic functions in the mouse hippocampus.

The behaviorally different inbred mouse strains C57BL/6 and DBA/2 show opposite reactions (reductions and increases, respectively, in exploration rates) to peripheral and intrahippocampal injections with agents that interfere with peptidergic, cholinergic, and GABAergic neurotransmission. These findings can be explained by an interdependent over-release of opioids, arrested GABA release, and excess acetylcholine in the hippocampal neuronal network of DBA/2 mice, as compared to C57BL/6 mice where these systems are functionally well balanced. Very similar results have been obtained with the lines SRH and SRL, derived from C57BL/6 and DBA/2, and genetically selected for rearing behavior. Most probably, the opioids act to disinhibit exploratory responses. An additional genetic approach is mentioned, in which four inbred mouse strains and one derived heterogeneous stock are used for estimating genetic correlations between structural properties of the hippocampal mossy fibers and levels of hippocampal dynorphin B, on the one hand, and frequencies of exploratory responses to environmental novelty, on the other.

Key words

Inbred, selected, and heterogeneous mouse and rat strains genotype genetic correlations exploratory behavior locomotor activity novelty disinhibition hippocampus mossy fibers opioid peptides antibodies dynorphine B GABA acetylcholine drug treatment 

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© Birkhäuser Verlag Basel 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. H. F. van Abeelen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Animal PhysiologyUniversity of NijmegenNijmegenThe Netherlands

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