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Experientia

, Volume 41, Issue 9, pp 1194–1195 | Cite as

Photoperiodic induction of diapause in an insect is vitamin A dependent

  • A. Veerman
  • M. E. Slagt
  • M. F. J. Alderlieste
  • R. L. Veenendaal
Short Communications

Summary

A photoperiodic response was found to be absent in larvae of the parasitoid waspApanteles glomeratus when its host (caterpillars ofPieris brassicae) was reared on a low-carotenoid artificial diet. Addition of vitamin A to the host's diet restored the response to short-day photoperiods in the wasp larvae, thus showing that vitamin A is essential for photoperiodic induction of diapause. Possibly vitamin A or a derivative of vitamin A functions as the photoreceptor pigment for the photoperiodic reaction in this species of insect.

Key words

Photoperiodism diapause photoreception carotenoids vitamin A Apanteles glomeratus Pieris brassicae 

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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Veerman
    • 1
  • M. E. Slagt
    • 1
  • M. F. J. Alderlieste
    • 1
  • R. L. Veenendaal
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Experimental EntomologyUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdam(The Netherlands)

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