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Effect of essential oils of some medicinal plants on phytonematodes

  • Mahfouz M. Abd-Elgawad
  • Elsayed A. Omer
Article

Abstract

The essential oils of four medicinal plants belonging to Lamiaceae were explored for phytonematode control. The four oils inhibited (P<0.05) nematode motility butMentba spicata was generally more effective in reducing the numbers of active nematodes followed byThymus vulgaris, Majorana bortensis andMentba longifolia. The main corresponding compound of each oil, determined by GLC analysis, was carvone (58.14%), P-cymene (40.5%), terpinen-4-ol (41.6%) and carvone (70.36%). Soil stages of the reniform nematode were more affected by the oil than those of the ring and lance nematodes. When transferred to water, the total nematodes that regained their activeness ranged from 12% forT. vulgaris to 60% forM. longifolia. The four 0.1 oil solutions inhibited more than to about 3.5% at the control. The content of oxygenated compounds in these oils ranged from 45.79% to 96.5% and may be partially responsible for the nematicidal effects.

Keywords

Plant Physiology Plant Pathology Medicinal Plant Carvone Total Nematode 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Blackwell Wissenschafts-Verlag 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mahfouz M. Abd-Elgawad
    • 1
  • Elsayed A. Omer
    • 2
  1. 1.Dept. of Plant PathologyNational Research CentreCairoEgypt
  2. 2.Pharmaceutical Sciences DeptCairoEgypt

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