Trypsin inhibitors from ridged gourd (Luffa acutangula Linn.) seeds: Purification, properties, and amino acid sequences
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Two trypsin inhibitors, LA-1 and LA-2, have been isolated from ridged gourd (Luffa acutangula Linn.) seeds and purified to homogeneity by gel filtration followed by ion-exchange chromatography. The isoelectric point is atpH 4.55 for LA-1 and atpH 5.85 for LA-2. The Stokes radius of each inhibitor is 11.4 å. The fluorescence emission spectrum of each inhibitor is similar to that of the free tyrosine. The biomolecular rate constant of acrylamide quenching is 1.0×109 M−1 sec−1 for LA-1 and 0.8 × 109 M−1 sec−1 for LA-2 and that of K2HPO4 quenching is 1.6×1011 M−1 sec−1 for LA-1 and 1.2×1011M−1 sec−1 for LA-2. Analysis of the circular dichroic spectra yields 40%α-helix and 60%Β-turn for La-1 and 45%α-helix and 55%Β-turn for LA-2. Inhibitors LA-1 and LA-2 consist of 28 and 29 amino acid residues, respectively. They lack threonine, alanine, valine, and tryptophan. Both inhibitors strongly inhibit trypsin by forming enzymeinhibitor complexes at a molar ratio of unity. A chemical modification study suggests the involvement of arginine of LA-1 and lysine of LA-2 in their reactive sites. The inhibitors are very similar in their amino acid sequences, and show sequence homology with other squash family inhibitors.
Key wordsTrypsin inhibitor physicochemical properties amino acid sequence sequence homology
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