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Proton fluxes associated with erythrocyte membrane anion exchange

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Transient extracellular pH changes accompany the exchange of chloride for sulfate across the erythrocyte membrane. The direction of the extracellular pH change during chloride efflux and sulfate influx depends on experimental conditions. When bicarbonate is present, the extracellular pH drops sharply at the outset of the anion exchange and tends to follow the partial ionic equilibrium described by Wilbrandt (W. Wilbrandt, 1942.Pfluegers Arch. 246:291). When bicarbonate is absent, however, the anion exchange causes the pH to rise, indicating that protons are cotransported with sulfate during chloridesulfate exchange. The pH rise can be reversed by the addition of HCO 3 (4 μm) or 2,4-dinitrophenol (90 μm). This demonstrates that the proton-sulfate cotransport can drive proton transport uphill. The stoichiometry of the transport is that one chloríde exchanges for one sulfate plus one proton. These results support the titratable carrier model proposed by Gunn (Gunn, R.B. 1972.In: Oxygen Affinity of Hemoglobin and Red Cell Acid-Base Status. M. Roth and P. Astrup, editors. p. 823. Munksgaard, Copenhagen) for erythrocyte membrane anion exchange.

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Jennings, M.L. Proton fluxes associated with erythrocyte membrane anion exchange. J. Membrain Biol. 28, 187–205 (1976). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01869697

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  • Bicarbonate
  • Erythrocyte Membrane
  • Anion Exchange
  • Proton Transport
  • Ionic Equilibrium