Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy

, Volume 3, Issue 6, pp 847–852 | Cite as

Non-pharmacologic measures for lowering blood pressure

  • Kikuo Arakawa


Nondrug measures have proven effective, to some extent, in lowering blood pressure, especially in mild hypertensives, in many well-controlled studies. The proven measures are reduction of a) salt (<5g/day), b) alcohol (<30ml/day) intake, and c) obesity, and d) regular physical exercise (30–60 minutes/day) and e) mental relaxation. The reported effectiveness of each of these measures ranges from one third to two thirds in mild hypertensives. Should all these nondrug measures, together with cessation of smoking, be applied in all mild hypertensives, it might help prevent their progression to moderate or even severe hypertension with complications, such as coronary heart disease in particular, thereby solving most of the problems that antihypertensive drugs have left behind.

Key Words

hypertension non-pharmacologic therapy salt alcohol obesity exercise mental relaxation 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kikuo Arakawa
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Internal MedicineFukuoka University School of MedicineFukuokaJapan

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