Sodium flux in the apical membrane of the toad skin: Aspects of its regulation and the importance of the ionic strength of the outer solution upon the reversibility of amiloride inhibition
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- Lacaz-Vieira, F. J. Membrain Biol. (1986) 92: 27. doi:10.1007/BF01869013
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Injection of small pulses of concentrate solutions of salts or drugs into the outer bathing fluid led to sudden increases of its solute concentration. Vigorous stirring of the outer bathing solution was used to minimize the thickness of the unstirred layer adjacent to the outer skin surface. Pulses of 1m NaCl injected into the outer compartment induced sharp increases of the SCC following a time course variable with the magnitude of the pulse and the particular condition of each skin. Comparison of the spontaneous decline of the SCC with the decline induced by a small dose of amiloride, where an increase inR was observed, indicates that the spontaneous decline cannot be explained simply as a reduction of the Na permeability of the apical membrane by self-inhibition of feedback inhibition of the apical membrane Na channels. Reduction of the driving force for Na movement into the epithelial cells must play an important role in the process. Reversibility of the amiloride inhibition of the SCC was highly dependent upon the ionic strength of the solution used to rinse and wash out the inhibitor from the outer skin surface. With H2O, the amiloride molecules washed out slowly as compared to NaCl or KCl solutions. Na or K have the same ability to dislodge the amiloride molecules from their binding sites. This effect is apparently of a purely electrostatic nature.