Renal cortical brush-border and basolateral membranes: Cholesterol and phospholipid Composition and relative turnover
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A new procedure for the rapid isolation of renal cortical brush-border and basolateral membranes from the same homogenate is described. Brush-border membranes isolated using Mg2+-EGTA precipitation were enriched 18-fold for leucine aminopeptidase and had a recovery of 32.5%. Basolateral membrane fractions were isolated using a discontinuous sucrose gradient and showed an enrichment of 10.7-fold and recovery of 12.8% using (Na+, K+)-ATPase as a marker enzyme. Lipid analysis using two-dimensional TLC separation of phospholipids and gas liquid chromatography for cholesterol showed marked differences in the lipid composition of the brush-border and basolateral membranes. The brush-border membrane had increased sphingomyelin, phosphatidylserine, ethanolamine plasmalogens, and an increased cholesterol-to-phospholipid and sphingomyelin-to-phosphatidylcholine ratio compared to the basolateral membrane. The relative turnover of total membrane and individual phospholipid species using a double isotope ratio method was carried out. Phospholipids were labeled with either phosphorus 32 and 33 or acetate (3H, 1-14C). The relative turnover of phospholipid species and cholesterol differed strikingly. Phosphatidylcholine showed a high turnover, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylinositol had intermediate values and sphingomyelin, phosphatidylserine and cholesterol had low relative turnover rates. The order of phospholipid class relative turnover was independent of the labeled precursor used. The brush-border membrane had a significantly reduced relative turnover rate for total membrane phospholipids, sphingomyelin and cholesterol compared to the basolateral membrane. These data show marked differences in the lipid composition and relative turnover rates of the phospholipid species of the brush-border and basolateral membranes. They provide a biochemical basis for the recently reported differences in brush-border and basolateral membrane fluidity and suggest independent cellular regulation of brush-border and basolateral membrane lipids.
Key Wordsbrush-border membranes basolateral membranes phospholipids cholesterol turnover
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