The Journal of Membrane Biology

, Volume 66, Issue 1, pp 213–225 | Cite as

Multiple transport pathways for neutral amino acids in rabbit jejunal brush border vesicles

  • Bruce R. Stevens
  • Helen J. Ross
  • Ernest M. Wright


Amino acids enter rabbit jejunal brush border membrane vesicles via three major transport systems: (1) simple passive diffusion; (2) Na-independent carriers; and (3) Na-dependent carriers. The passive permeability sequence of amino acids is very similar to that observed in other studies involving natural and artificial membranes. Based on uptake kinetics and cross-inhibition profiles, at least two Na-independent and three Na-dependent carrier-mediated pathways exist. One Na-independent pathway, similar to the classical L system, favors neutral amino acids, while the other pathway favors dibasic amino acids such as lysine. One Na-dependent pathway primarily serves neutrall-amino acids including 2-amino-2-norbornanecarboxylic acid hemihydrate (BCH), but not β-alanine or α-methylaminoisobutyric acid (MeAIB). Another Na-dependent route favors phenylalanine and methionine, while the third pathway is selective for imino acids and MeAIB. Li is unable to substitute for Na in these systems. Cross-inhibition profiles indicated that none of the Na-dependent systems conform to classical A or ACS paradigms. Other notable features of jejunal brush border vesicles include (1) no β-alanine carrier, and (2) no major proline/glycine interactions.

Key words

amino acid transport small intestinal transport membrane vesicles brush border transport alanine transport phenylalanine transport proline transport 


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Copyright information

© Springer Verlag New York Inc 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruce R. Stevens
    • 1
  • Helen J. Ross
    • 1
  • Ernest M. Wright
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysiologyUniversity of California Medical CenterLos Angeles

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