Environmental Management

, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp 327–334 | Cite as

Effects of veterinary fences on Wildlife conservation in Zimbabwe

  • Russell D. Taylor
  • Rowan B. Martin

Abstract

In Zimbabwe, veterinary fences are used to control trypanosomiasis and foot- and-mouth disease, two important diseases that threaten cattle production and beef exports. Wildlife is implicated in both instances and the effects of fences on wildlife conservation and land use are discussed in relation to these two diseases. Advantages and disadvantages related to direct and indirect fence effects are outlined. Although the maintenance of fences for trypanosomiasis control is likely to become obsolete, control of foot- and-mouth disease will rely on fences for the foreseeable future. Most of Zimbabwe's protected wildlife areas are located in marginal agricultural land around the periphery of the country where cattle productivity is low. This land should be excluded from any involvement in the beef export industry rather than attempting its inclusion through cordoning and isolating individual protected areas. Within such land, the need for rigid veterinary restrictions should then disappear and allow more flexible strategies for disease control, including adaptive and imaginative approaches to land-use planning.

Key words

Veterinary fences Disease management Land use Wildlife conservation 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Russell D. Taylor
    • 1
  • Rowan B. Martin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of National Parks and Wild Life ManagementCauseway HarareZimbabwe

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