People's dependence on firewood as a primary source of energy is causing serious deforestation problems in many developing countries. Reliable information on firewood consumption rates is needed to develop afforestation plans and to control deforestation. This study compares three methods used to determine firewood consumption in a Nepali village. Cultural and environmental factors that affect firewood consumption in the village are also examined.
Theweight survey proved to be the most accurate method used. The less precisedaily recall andannual recall surveys overestimated actual firewood consumption by factors of 1.76 and 1.95, respectively. Overestimates are attributed to both physical and social factors. In view of the good agreement between daily and annual recall surveys, and the much greater ease of conducting the latter, annual recall surveys are recommended as the most practical method of monitoring firewood consumption rates. Validating the survey with occasional weighed measurements is suggested as a means of improving accuracy.
Key wordsFirewood Social forestry Community forestry Deforestation Watershed management Energy
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Bajracharya, D., 1980. Fuelwood and food needs versus deforestation: an energy study of a hill village panchayat in eastern Nepal. Energy for Rural Development Program Report Pr-80-2, East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii. 53 pp.Google Scholar
- Cecelski, E., J. Dunkerley, and W. Ramsay. 1979. Household energy and the poor in the third world. Resources for the Future Research Paper R-15 Washington, DC. 152 pp.Google Scholar
- Donovan, D. G., 1981. Fuelwood: how much do we need? Institute of Current World Affairs, Hanover, NH. 23 pp.Google Scholar
- Kawakita, J., ed., 1979. A study of the development of remote areas in conformity with environmental conservation. Association for Technological Cooperation to the Himalayan Areas, Tokyo. 122 pp.Google Scholar
- Levenson, B., 1979. Fuelwood utilization: a study of the demand and available fuelwood resources at six selected villages. Phewa Tal Technical Report No. 9, Integrated Watershed Management Project, Kathmandu. 65 pp.Google Scholar
- National Academy of Science, 1980. Proceedings: international workshop on energy survey methodologies for developing countries. National Academy Press, Washington, DC. 220 pp.Google Scholar