Environmental Management

, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 243–249 | Cite as

Firewood consumption in a Nepali village

  • Jeff Fox


People's dependence on firewood as a primary source of energy is causing serious deforestation problems in many developing countries. Reliable information on firewood consumption rates is needed to develop afforestation plans and to control deforestation. This study compares three methods used to determine firewood consumption in a Nepali village. Cultural and environmental factors that affect firewood consumption in the village are also examined.

Theweight survey proved to be the most accurate method used. The less precisedaily recall andannual recall surveys overestimated actual firewood consumption by factors of 1.76 and 1.95, respectively. Overestimates are attributed to both physical and social factors. In view of the good agreement between daily and annual recall surveys, and the much greater ease of conducting the latter, annual recall surveys are recommended as the most practical method of monitoring firewood consumption rates. Validating the survey with occasional weighed measurements is suggested as a means of improving accuracy.

Key words

Firewood Social forestry Community forestry Deforestation Watershed management Energy 


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Literature cited

  1. Bajracharya, D., 1980. Fuelwood and food needs versus deforestation: an energy study of a hill village panchayat in eastern Nepal. Energy for Rural Development Program Report Pr-80-2, East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii. 53 pp.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeff Fox
    • 1
  1. 1.Natural Resource Specialist The Agricultural Development CouncilGadjah Mada UniversityYogyakartaIndonesia

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